Wiktionary:Requested entries (Hindi)/Multilingual list of Indian family relation names - Wiktionary
Today, we'll cover vocabulary relating to family relations. Urdu vocabulary describing family members is more thorough than it is in English. Name few English family relationship names in your Known language Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Urdu, Maithili. Family Relations. Hindi · English · Relation · Assamese · Bengali · Gujarati · Kannada · Malayalam · Marathi · Oriya · Punjabi · Sinhala · Tamil · Telugu · Urdu.
The opportunity to attend to the needs of one's parents in their later years is viewed as a gift from Allah. Challenges to the extended family In practice, it is usual for a new bride to move into the household of her husband. The change is often considerable, and problems in the fledgling relationship between the bride and her in-laws are common.
This transition is all the more difficult where Muslims live as minorities because in many cases, migration patterns have resulted in fragmentation of the extended family structure. Many second-generation Muslim migrants have grown up in nuclear families, not having first-hand familiarity with the richness and complexity of living within extended family networks.
In addition, despite religious teachings that encourage marriage at an early age, a secular trend to marry late is being seen among Muslims. Some observers have suggested that increasing age curtails a person's ability to adapt to change, adaptability being the hallmark of youth.
Finally, and perhaps most important of all, Muslim youth in the West are faced with lifestyle choices not available in more traditional cultures.
Hindi to English Relation names
To some, the opportunities with respect to individual freedom offered by a nuclear family structure far outweigh any benefits of living in an extended family. Muslim women are often portrayed as inferior beings, desperately in need of liberation from the Muslim patriarchal culture that prevents their progress. Segregation of the sexes, a practice encouraged by Islam, is often seen as proof of the suppression of Muslim women.
Such misunderstandings are largely due to naive and simplistic attempts to transpose a western set of norms and values onto women with a very different history and culture.
A detailed critique of the feminist position is beyond the scope of this article; readers are referred to other texts. Societal laws exist to aid Muslims in abiding by this framework. Segregation, therefore, exists primarily to minimize the chances of illicit relationships developing.
Physical contact between members of the opposite sex is strongly discouraged, although these rules are relaxed somewhat if medical treatment is required. On a practical note, if recourse to an interpreter is required, the use of same-sex interpreters offers a considerable advantage. The issue of gender segregation is one that should also be considered when planning health education campaigns, research interviews, and similar ventures.
Gender and role demarcation The man is considered the head of the family; to many a man, however, this is a poisoned chalice because with leadership comes responsibility.
Economic responsibility for maintaining the family falls squarely on the shoulders of the man, irrespective of whether his wife is earning money. Unemployment, then, can greatly affect the integrity of the family, leaving the man in a role limbo. Psychological morbidity in such situations may be high, with ramifications for the family as a whole. Within the Islamic vision, children have a right to be conceived and reared in a stable and secure environment; marriage is deemed to provide such an environment.
In contrast, celibacy and sex outside of marriage are strongly discouraged because they are considered behavioral extremes that are not conducive to a wholesome society.
Although the free consent of both the bride and groom are essential, parental coercion is often strong. Some parents are evidently beginning to understand the marital concerns of their children. The practice of choosing marriage partners from within one's community, however, continues to be considered important by young and old.Family Members In Urdu Language
Consanguinity Consanguinity intermarriage is particularly common in Muslims of south Asian and Arab origin. For example, it allows a thorough knowledge of the future marriage partner for sons or daughters—a particularly important consideration in Muslim minority communities where the usual social networks that facilitate the search for an appropriate partner may be lacking.
Whereas consanguinity doubtless results in an increased frequency of familial disorders with an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance, 10 assessing the relative contribution of consanguinity to the high rates of congenital defect and perinatal mortality among Pakistanis is far from easy.
Other factors of importance in the birth outcome debate include the high prevalence of deprivation among Muslims, difficulties with access to high-quality genetic and prenatal counseling, and the possible risks associated with culturally insensitive maternity care. Conversely, sex outside of heterosexual marriage is considered deviant, deserving of punishment in the here-after. A distinction is made, however, between a homosexual inclination and the act itself.
The former is acceptable so long as it is not practiced. Despite the positive outlook toward sex, it is not a subject that is openly discussed. Cultural taboos dictate that sex should remain a private matter between husband and wife. Sexual intercourse is also prohibited at such times.
All other forms of physical contact between husband and wife, for example, hugging and kissing, are allowed. Menstruation, therefore, may have many social and psychological ramifications. There are also many possible implications for clinical care. Women may be reluctant to see a physician for gynecologic symptoms, cervical smear tests, or intrauterine device checks for fear of bleeding following a pelvic examination.
Many Muslim women are unaware that traumatic bleeding of this kind is distinct from menstrual bleeding, and hence, the religious constraints do not apply. Education is needed both within the Muslim community and among professionals so that the importance and implications of genital tract bleeding are better appreciated.
Women may consult their physician or family planning clinic to postpone their menstrual periods at particular times. The most common situation is in the period before Hajj. This involves omitting the 7-day break between pill packs, thus avoiding the withdrawal bleeding that ensues. Additional dimensions in the management of genital tract bleeding A married woman in her late 30s contacted a friend a female Muslim physician to discuss her menstrual problems.
She had been bleeding on a fortnightly basis for the previous few months. This was causing havoc with prayer routines because on each occasion she had stopped praying. She was advised that she should continue praying because the pattern of bleeding was unlikely to represent menstrual bleeding. It was suggested that she see her physician for further investigation.
Thus far, she had avoided consultation. During the holy month of Ramadan all Muslims must fast from dawn to dusk and are only permitted to work six hours per day. Fasting includes no eating, drinking, cigarette smoking, or gum chewing. Unfortunately however, this festival has been banned in many areas for the immediate future due to accidents and deaths associated with the festival.
It is hoped that the implementation of relevant safety measures will enable this much loved festival to resume. The national Horse and Cattle Show is a five day festival held in Lahore during the third week of November. This is an exciting pageant of Pakistani culture and involves activities such as folk dancing, music, folk games and activities, cattle racing and cattle dancing.
With lots to do for children and adults alike, it is a much adored festival. The extended family is the basis of the social structure and individual identity. It includes the nuclear family, immediate relatives, distant relatives, tribe members, friends, and neighbours. Loyalty to the family comes before all other social relationships, even business.
Nepotism is viewed positively, since it guarantees hiring people who can be trusted, which is crucial in a country where working with people one knows and trusts is of primary importance. The family is more private than in many other cultures. Female relatives are protected from outside influences.
It is considered inappropriate to ask questions about a Pakistani's wife or other female relatives. Families are quite large by western standards, often having up to 6 children. Gender Roles Traditional gender roles in Pakistan are fairly marked in that women are far more likely to stay in the home than go out to work. Although women have the right to work in any profession or to manage their own businesses, the majority that do work are typically employed in roles such as nursing or teaching.
It is worth noting that women are very well represented in government as demonstrated by the appointment of Benazir Bhutto to prime minister in Women are also represented as ministers and ambassadors and a number of female judges preside within the high courts.
Pakistani women also have the same rights to vote and receive an education as men. Unfortunately, crimes against women appear to be on the increase but government interventions are being put in place to try and reverse this issue.
Islamic understanding, observing Islamic duties such as prayer and ablutionrespect for elders and gender roles are imbued from early childhood. Food Although there are many staple dishes in Pakistan, cuisine can vary greatly depending on geography. Meat is halal and has been slaughtered in line with Islamic requirements. Pork is forbidden in Islam and, as such, you are unlikely to come across it during your travels.
The majority of Pakistanis eat breakfast, lunch and a large evening meal which is shared as a family. Breakfast usually includes bread, tea, fruits, eggs and other items such as honey and nuts. Lunch is typically rice and a meat based curry. Dinner is very much a family affair and it typically incorporates one or more of the following dishes: Kofte — Meat kebab.
Korma — Meat or vegetables, cooked in yoghurt and spices.
Biryani — An aromatic rice dish cooked with vegetables or meat and containing s little gravy. Pulao — Very similar to Biryani.
5 Urdu words I wish we had in English - The Seattle Globalist
Lentils — Lentils are a very important addition to Asian cooking and are prepared in a number of different ways — usually with spices and a gravy Roti or Naan — Both roti and naan are flatbreads, but naan takes longer to make and is often made with yeast and refined flour, while roti is made with unrefined flour and far thinner and easier to digest.
The naan is sometimes flavoured with spices, fruit or nuts. Pakistan is the 24th largest global economic country and GDP places it in rd position. The Arts Pakistan has a rich culture of arts and crafts which have in some cases been traced back to the artistic culture of the Indus Valley civilization. Some examples of Pakistani love for arts are as follows: Arabic calligraphy — This beautiful art form, which takes years of dedication to learn, has its roots in Islam.
Arabic calligraphy can be found adorning most celebrated places such as mosques and important buildings. Most families will have calligraphy displayed in their homes. This art form also extends to calligraphy on copper pieces, which are widely used as ornaments in homes and public buildings.
Naqashi artisans are typically use a fine and intricate form of decoration which is said to impact vision in the long term if practiced over too long a time scale. This use of fine detail is also replicated in the crafting of camel skin in lamp shade making. The lamp shades are unique and much sought after.
Glass Chooriyan is another popular and much loved art form in Pakistan which involves the use of glass and other materials to produce beautifully adorned bangles.
Pottery — The production of handcrafted and artistically decorated pottery is just one of the arts with its roots in the Indus Valley civilization.
Blue Pottery is a specialist craft which is particularly influenced by Kashgar in China and celebrated for being a unique and unparalleled art form. The new born child is also swaddled in a piece of clothing that once belonged to the grandfather. Men shake hands with each other. Once a relationship is developed, they may hug as well as shake hands.
Women generally hug and kiss. Pakistanis take their time during greetings and ask about the person's health, family, and business success.
Communication style Third-party introductions are a necessity in this relationship-driven culture. Pakistanis prefer to work with people they know and trust and will spend a great deal of time on the getting-to-know-you part of relationship building. You must not appear frustrated by what may appear to be purely social conversation.
Pakistanis are hospitable and enjoy hosting foreign guests. Relationships take time to grow and must be nurtured.