Osama bin Laden - Wikipedia
Was this because of President George Bush's close ties to the bin Laden In , Bush and Osama bin Laden's brother, Salem bin Laden. "Bin Laden Determined to Strike in U.S.” The CIA's famous Presidential Daily Brief, presented to George W. Bush on August 6, , has By May of , says Cofer Black, then chief of the CIA's counterterrorism center. The CIA created Osama bin Laden. Common among This was a common trope of President George W. Bush. Nine days after Sept. 11, Bush.
It has been estimated that 4, men traveled to the Afghanistan training camps in response to the fatwah. The Saudi regime was not happy with bin Laden's activities, so they confined his movements to Jeddah only. That did little to restrain him; bin Laden left his homeland for good, and eventually headed back to war-torn Afghanistan.
Back to Afghanistan Before heading for Afghanistan, bin Laden arrived in Pakistan to meet with various "business associates" for supporting his new terror regime. He knew, however, that if he were to stay in Pakistan too long, authorities would nab him and deport him to the kingdom that he now despised. Osama soon realized that by remaining in Pakistan, he was putting himself in extreme jeopardy.
Bush's sordid Saudi ties set template for Trump – he was just more subtle
So, with his mission for terror still in his sights, he headed directly for his camps in Afghanistan. During bin Laden's stay in Afghanistan, as well as his short time in Pakistan, the Saudis tried more than once to kidnap or assassinate him, in collaboration with Pakistani intelligence.
Fortunately for bin Laden, his close ties with higher officials in both Pakistan and Saudi Arabia provided up-to-date intelligence, which would give him enough time to escape. Inafter becoming tired of hiding, bin Laden decided to leave Afghanistan and head for the only alternative country available to him: In Sudan Osama's choice of Sudan had little to do with holy war or terrorism. He was simply attracted there because of its new regime.
He wanted to have safe refuge as well as help the government with its construction projects. While in Sudan, he again escaped an assassination attempt by Saudi intelligence. Bythe Saudis publicly announced that bin Laden's citizenship had been withdrawn. Inwith political pressures against bin Laden rising in Sudan, he secretly planned a trip back to Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
Ties to the Taliban Within a few months of his arrival in Afghanistan, bin Laden issued his first anti-American message, an announcement of jihad against the superpower. At that time, bin Laden's declaration of jihad was limited only to expelling American forces from the Arabian Peninsula. At the end ofthe Taliban easily swept Jalalabad, and bin Laden fell under their control. He was optimistic that they would give him sanctuary, but was uncertain.
He was surprised when a Taliban delegation arrived to meet him by order of Mullah Omer, the leader, with instructions to reassure him that he would have even better protection under the Taliban. Osama became aware that the main driving force behind the Taliban were the Ulema religious scholars. He quickly established solid links with them and lobbied them specifically about ridding American forces from the Arabian Peninsula. He thought at that stage he could establish an international alliance against the U.
Hundreds of people had died, and many more were wounded as a result of the terrorist attacks. In retaliation for the bombings, Americans chose an al Qaeda camp in Khost, Afghanistan, to bombard by air. Bin Laden was hundreds of miles away, and the fighters were on the northern front. Following the American retaliation, bin Laden was placed under heavy protection and advised to stay in hiding by Taliban leader Abdullah Jan Wahedi.
Laden's followers protected the Kabul front and pushed Massoud's forces back. September 11, bin Laden remained underground for nearly three years. On September 11,four American airliners were hijacked by members of bin Laden's militant Islamist group, al Qaeda. The result was horrific. As a result of those acts of violence, President George W. Bush declared his own form of jihad against all terrorists, with special references to Osama bin Laden.
A few months later, the U. While American forces were infiltrating Afghanistan, bin Laden was busily recording terrorist video tapes in undisclosed locations throughout Afghanistan. By using the tapes to take credit for the carnage on September 11, they were merely a means for bin Laden to unleash terror propaganda.
They will leave you nothing, either in this world or the next. America, and Israel" as the four principal "enemies of Islam" at ideology classes of bin Laden's al-Qaeda organization.
He was interested in "earth-moving machinery and genetic engineering of plants" on the one hand, but rejected "chilled water" on the other. He believed this would lead to economic collapse of the enemy countries, by "bleeding" them dry.
In a tape broadcast by al-Jazeera, bin Laden spoke of "bleeding America to the point of bankruptcy". He invoked democracy both as an example of the deceit and fraudulence of western political system—American law being "the law of the rich and wealthy"  —and as the reason civilians are responsible for their government's actions and so can be lawfully punished by death.
It is worth noting that Spain was once under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate. In he condemned the United States government for its hypocrisy in not labeling the bombing of Hiroshima as terrorism. In Novemberhe maintained that revenge killing of Americans was justified because he claimed that Islamic law allows believers to attack invaders even when the enemy uses human shields.
However, according to Rodenbeck, "this classical position was originally intended as a legal justification for the accidental killings of civilians under very limited circumstances — not as a basis for the intentional targeting of noncombatants.
Shirazi points out bin Laden also contradicted this democracy-creates-responsibility position in another, more typical, Islamist description of Western democracy, specifically American democracy, as "the law of the rich and wealthy, who hold sway in the political parties. He asserted infidels were "attacking Muslims like people fight over a plate of food," planning to "enslave" Muslims or to "annihilate" Islam.
But during this time European imperialism was in retreat. Events he describes as the most "penetrating and brutal" acts of imperialism— Dutch conquest of the East Indiesthe French invasion of Algeria in the s, or Britain's crushing of the Indian Mutiny —happened outside the period. Similarly extremely high infant and young children mortality rates in Afghanistan caused by the Taliban expelling international aid groups were not only not criticized, but bin Laden praising the Taliban for making Afghanistan "the only Islamic country" in existence.
CIA—al-Qaeda controversy Mujahideen in Afghanistan After leaving college inbin Laden went to Pakistan, joined Abdullah Azzam and used money and machinery from his own construction company to help the Mujahideen resistance in the Soviet—Afghan War.
Although the United States provided the money and weapons, the training of militant groups was entirely done by the Pakistani Armed Forces and the ISI. Through al-Khadamat, bin Laden's inherited family fortune  paid for air tickets and accommodation, paid for paperwork with Pakistani authorities and provided other such services for the jihadi fighters. Bin Laden established camps inside Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan and trained volunteers from across the Muslim world to fight against the Soviet-backed regime, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan ; he would also participate in some combat activity, such as the Battle of Jaji.
It was during this time that he became idolised by many Arabs. Shia civilians were also subjected to rape. Ramana founder of India's Research and Analysis Wing to have been in response to a revolt by the Shias of Gilgit during the rule of military dictator Zia-ul Haq He alleged that the Pakistan Army induced Osama bin Laden to lead an armed group of Sunni tribals, from Afghanistan and the North-West Frontier Provinceinto Gilgit and its surrounding areas to suppress the revolt.
While Azzam acted as support for Afghan fighters, bin Laden wanted a more military role. One of the main points leading to the split and the creation of al-Qaeda was Azzam's insistence that Arab fighters be integrated among the Afghan fighting groups instead of forming a separate fighting force. Along with his Arab legion, he was thought to have "brought down the mighty superpower" of the Soviet Union.
With Iraqi forces on the Saudi border, Saddam's appeal to pan-Arabism was potentially inciting internal dissent. Bin Laden's offer was rebuffed, and the Saudi monarchy invited the deployment of U.
Bin Laden's criticism of the Saudi monarchy led them to try to silence him. They discovered copious evidence of terrorist plots, including plans to blow up New York City skyscrapers.
This marked the earliest discovery of al-Qaeda terrorist plans outside of Muslim countries. In March—AprilBin Laden tried to play a pacifying role in the escalating civil war in Afghanistanby urging warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar to join the other mujahideen leaders negotiating a coalition government instead of trying to conquer Kabul for himself. In he went to live in exile in Sudan, in a deal brokered by Ali Mohamed.President says US wants bin Laden "dead or alive"
He was the Sudan agent for the British firm Hunting Surveys and built roads using the same bulldozers he had employed to construct mountain tracks in Afghanistan.
Many of his labourers were the same fighters who had been his comrades in the war against the Soviet Union.
He was generous to the poor and popular with the people. The attempt failed, and Sudan expelled the EIJ. State Department accused Sudan of being a " sponsor of international terrorism " and bin Laden of operating "terrorist training camps in the Sudanese desert".
According to Sudan officials, however, this stance became obsolete as the Islamist political leader Hassan al-Turabi lost influence in their country.
The Sudanese wanted to engage with the U. It was not until that the State Department authorized U. CIA paramilitary officer Billy Waugh tracked down Bin Ladin in Sudan and prepared an operation to apprehend him, but was denied authorization.
Ambassador Timothy Carney encouraged the Sudanese to pursue this course. The Saudis, however, did not want Bin Laden, giving as their reason their revocation of his citizenship. The Commission has found no credible evidence that this was so.
Ambassador Carney had instructions only to push the Sudanese to expel Bin Laden. Ambassador Carney had no legal basis to ask for more from the Sudanese since, at the time, there was no indictment outstanding against bin Laden in any country.
In FebruarySudanese officials began approaching officials from the United States and other governments, asking what actions of theirs might ease foreign pressure. Saudi officials apparently wanted Bin Laden expelled from Sudan.
They had already revoked his citizenship, however, and would not tolerate his presence in their country. Also Bin Laden may have no longer felt safe in Sudan, where he had already escaped at least one assassination attempt that he believed to have been the work of the Egyptian or Saudi regimes, and paid for by the CIA. Due to the increasing pressure on Sudan from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and the United States, bin Laden was permitted to leave for a country of his choice.
He chose to return to Jalalabad, Afghanistan aboard a chartered flight on May 18, ; there he forged a close relationship with Mullah Mohammed Omar. In Augustbin Laden declared war against the United States. Bush to King Fahd inthat all U. Bush cited the necessity of dealing with the remnants of Saddam's regime which Bush had chosen not to destroy. Bin Laden's view was that "the 'evils' of the Middle East arose from America's attempt to take over the region and from its support for Israel.
Osama bin Laden
Saudi Arabia had been turned into 'an American colony". In Afghanistan, bin Laden and al-Qaeda raised money from "donors from the days of the Soviet jihad", and from the Pakistani ISI to establish more training camps for Mujahideen fighters. Michael Scheuer, head of the CIA's bin Laden unit, concluded that Ariana was being used as a "terrorist taxi service". The AKSU in the background is a symbol of the mujadin's victory over the Soviets, since these weapons were captured from Spetsnaz forces.