E-governance - Wikipedia
Business-to-government (B2G) or business-to-administration (B2A) is a derivative of B2B marketing and often referred to as a market definition of "public sector marketing" which encompasses marketing Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template. Bangladesh and India are South Asian neighbours. Relations have been friendly, although Bangladesh insists that it does not receive a fair share of the Ganges waters during The government of Bangladesh was found to comment on the issue . Bilateral trade between India and Bangladesh stood at USD billion in . Indo-Russian relations refer to the bilateral relations between India and Russia. During the Cold War, India and the.
However, e-government has no provision for governance of ICTs. The governance of ICTs typically requires a substantial increase in regulation and policy-making capabilities, as well as additional expertise and opinion-shaping processes among various social stakeholders. The perspective of e-governance is "the use of the technologies that both help to govern and have to be governed". Ideally, the government will automatically recognize the importance of achieving this goal in order to maximize its efficiency.
Furthermore, e-government uses one-way communication protocol whereas e-governance uses two-way communication protocol. Statistical information published by governments and global bodies do not always reveal the facts.
The best form of e-governance cuts down on the unwanted interference of too many layers while delivering governmental services. It depends on good infrastructural setup with the support of local processes and parameters for governments to reach their citizens or end beneficiaries. A budget for planning, development, and growth can be derived from well laid out e-governance systems.
The relevance of BI Analytics has brought forth a paradigm shift in assimilating and visualizing huge chunks of data in near real-time manner.
The pivot of all good decision-making systems is correct, up-to-date and compliant data. Governments not only want the transformation of their own country and countrymen but also expect improved relations and healthy trade across the world. Development should be transformative and continuously evolving. Internal as well as external IT systems should work in tandem with government policies and procedures.
Data Analytics has the ability to change the color and complexion of the world. E-governance should induce up-to-date information, initiate effective interaction, and engage with transparent transactions in compliance with rule of law, thus enabling a sustainable transformation model.
The public—private partnership PPP -based e-governance projects are hugely successful in India. Many countries implement e-government policy in an attempt to build a corruption -free government. Government to citizen[ edit ] The goal of government-to-citizen G2C e-governance is to offer a variety of ICT services to citizens in an efficient and economical manner and to strengthen the relationship between government and citizens using technology.
There are several methods of government-to-customer e-governance. Two-way communication allows citizens to instant message directly with public administrators, and cast remote electronic votes electronic voting and instant opinion voting.
India–Russia relations - Wikipedia
Transactions such as payment of services, such as city utilities, can be completed online or over the phone.
Mundane services such as name or address changes, applying for services or grants, or transferring existing services are more convenient and no longer have to be completed face to face. The Federal Government of the United States has a broad framework of G2C technology to enhance citizen access to Government information and services.
The Digital States Survey ranks states on social measures, digital democracye-commercetaxation, and revenue. The report shows Michigan and Utah in the lead and Florida and Idaho with the lowest scores.
Much like states, cities are awarded for innovative technology. The Single Point of Access for Citizens of Europe supports travel within Europe and Europe is a initiative supporting an online government.
Main focuses are to provide public information, allow customers to have access to basic public servicessimplify online procedures, and promote electronic signatures. Asia is ranked third in comparison, and there are diverse G2C programs between countries. Singapore 's eCitizen Portal is an organized single access point to government information and services.
Taiwan has top ranking G2C technology including an online motor vehicle services system, which provides 21 applications and payment services to citizens. Such G2C communication most often refers to that which takes place through Information and Communication Technologies ICTsbut can also include direct mail and media campaigns.
G2C can take place at the federal, state, and local levels. Customers identified the following barriers to government-to-customer e-governance: Some G2C sites have technology requirements such as browser requirements and plug-ins that won't allow access to certain services, language barriers, the necessity for an e-mail address to access certain services, and a lack of privacy. For gaming trade show, see Global Gaming Expo.
E-governance to Employee partnership G2E Is one of four main primary interactions in the delivery model of E-governance. It is the relationship between online tools, sources, and articles that help employees to maintain the communication with the government and their own companies. E-governance relationship with Employees allows new learning technology in one simple place as the computer.
Documents can now be stored and shared with other colleagues online. Some of the benefits of G2E expansion include: E-payroll — maintaining the online sources to view paychecks, pay stubs, pay bills, and keep records for tax information.
E-benefits — be able to look up what benefits an employee is receiving and what benefits they have a right to. After the end of the cold war, the government of India particularly realised the importance of redressing this imbalance in India's foreign policy.
Foreign trade of India
Consequently, the Narsimha Rao government in the early nineties of the last century unveiled the look east policy. Initially it focused on renewing political and economic contacts with the countries of East and South-East Asia. After the start of liberalisation, it was a very strategic policy decision taken by the government in the foreign policy. To quote Prime Minister Manmohan Singh "it was also a strategic shift in India's vision of the world and India's place in the evolving global economy".
When India gained independence infew Indians had experience in making or conducting foreign policy. However, the country's oldest political party, the Indian National Congresshad established a small foreign department in to make overseas contacts and to publicise its independence struggle. From the late s on, Jawaharlal Nehruwho had a long-standing interest in world affairs among independence leaders, formulated the Congress stance on international issues.
As a member of the interim government inNehru articulated India's approach to the world. India's international influence varied over the years after independence. Indian prestige and moral authority were high in the s and facilitated the acquisition of developmental assistance from both East and West. Although the prestige stemmed from India's nonaligned stance, the nation was unable to prevent Cold War politics from becoming intertwined with interstate relations in South Asia. In the s and s India's international position among developed and developing countries faded in the course of wars with China and Pakistan, disputes with other countries in South Asia, and India's attempt to balance Pakistan's support from the United States and China by signing the Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation in August Although India obtained substantial Soviet military and economic aid, which helped to strengthen the nation, India's influence was undercut regionally and internationally by the perception that its friendship with the Soviet Union prevented a more forthright condemnation of the Soviet presence in Afghanistan.
In the late s, India improved relations with the United States, other developed countries, and China while continuing close ties with the Soviet Union. In the s, India's economic problems and the demise of the bipolar world political system forced India to reassess its foreign policy and adjust its foreign relations. Previous policies proved inadequate to cope with the serious domestic and international problems facing India.
The end of the Cold War gutted the core meaning of nonalignment and left Indian foreign policy without significant direction. The hard, pragmatic considerations of the early s were still viewed within the nonaligned framework of the past, but the disintegration of the Soviet Union removed much of India's international leverage, for which relations with Russia and the other post-Soviet states could not compensate.
The Kargil War resulted in a major diplomatic victory for India. The United States and European Union recognised the fact that Pakistani military had illegally infiltrated into Indian territory and pressured Pakistan to withdraw from Kargil. Several anti-India militant groups based in Pakistan were labelled as terrorist groups by the United States and European Union. India has often represented the interests of developing countries at various international platforms.
India's then-defence minister, George Fernandessaid that India's nuclear programme was necessary as it provided a deterrence to potential Chinese nuclear threat. Most of the sanctions imposed on India were removed by India's extensive contribution to the War on Terrorcoupled with a surge in its economy, has helped India's diplomatic relations with several countries. Over the past three years, India has held numerous joint military exercises with US and European nations that have resulted in a strengthened US-India and EU-India bilateral relationship.
India's bilateral trade with Europe and United States has more than doubled in the last five years.