Insulin and blood sugar relationship to fat

Does Eating Fat Raise Insulin? | Healthy Eating | SF Gate

insulin and blood sugar relationship to fat

The Basic Food Groups: The Insulin/Fat Connection Your blood sugar will rise and your insulin level (if you have type 2 diabetes or are not diabetic) will also. Insulin impacts the synthesis and storage of glucose, fat and amino refined sugars with relation to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes here. Keeping your cells sensitive to insulin plays a role in preventing Type 2 diabetes, but a high-fat diet appears to interfere with insulin sensitivity.

So, fat vs sugar in the war on insulin resistance — who wins? Well, it depends on the type of fat, and how you are eating your sugar or carbohydrate.

Remember, every person is unique and responds differently to what they consume. If you have concerns, please consult with your healthcare practitioner for individualised dietary suggestions. Overall, it seems the excessive consumption of highly processed fats and sugars, typical of a Western diet, are what to watch out for.

So avoid heavily processed and refined versions of food including sugars, grains, meats, and oils.

Does Eating Fat Raise Insulin?

Eat real, whole foods, as close to their original form as possible, prepared in a way that serves to nourish you. Find balance on your plate, and eat in moderation. Consume healthy fatsfound in oily fish, nuts, seeds, avocados and olives, and an abundance of anti-inflammatory foodssuch as vegetables, herbs and spices.

These foods can be protective and even increase insulin sensitivity.

insulin and blood sugar relationship to fat

They provide kick-ass anti-inflammatory and antioxidant nutrients that can help mitigate and balance out the inflammatory nature of meat and saturated fat. And remember that not all fats and carbohydrates are created equal. Understanding Blood Sugar Regulation Glucose is your body's primary and preferred fuel source. Every cell in your body uses glucose to produce energy for daily functions. However, glucose needs to get into cells and out of the bloodstream for you to remain healthy.

High levels of glucose that remain in the blood too long cause damage to your body. This is where insulin comes in.

insulin and blood sugar relationship to fat

This hormone acts like a key that unlocks your cells so glucose can get inside. Blood sugar rises when cells become less sensitive to insulin and in response, the pancreas releases more insulin to get the job done.

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Under normal conditions, glucagon signals your body to increase blood sugar levels by breaking down glycogen into glucose and triglycerides into fatty acids to be used for energy. Most people eating a western diet consume far too many carbohydrates. When carbohydrates in excess of what are immediately needed for energy are consumed, liver cells convert the excess glucose and other sugars to fat, for storage in fat cells.

This occurs any and every time there is excess glucose in the blood stream! Leptin Under normal conditions, as adipocytes store fat, the hormone leptin is produced and released by these fat cells, sending a message to the body that it is full. This message from leptin tells your body to reduce hunger, stop eating, reduce the storage of fat, and increase the burning of fat for fuel.

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This is a natural and necessary feedback mechanism in your body. The problem occurs when this feedback mechanism gets overused and, over time, looses its effectiveness. The increased consumption of excess sugar over and over again and the subsequent massive releases of insulin that results—causing the continued conversion of sugar to fat—leads to surges in the release of leptin. This is called leptin resistance. Hormone-Sensitive Lipase Through a related mechanism, insulin also directly inhibits the activity of an enzyme called hormone-sensitive lipase, which is responsible for breaking down the fats in adipocytes and releasing these fats into your blood stream to be used for energy.

insulin and blood sugar relationship to fat

Insulin Resistance And Leptin Resistance Once your body becomes accustomed to always getting its energy from carbohydrates, its ability to burn fat for energy becomes severely depressed. Sugar is used as energy and stored as fat, but the reverse—utilizing fat for energy—rarely occurs; thus, stored fat remains as fat because it is never used. In other words, insulin inhibits the use of stored fat for energy.

If your blood sugar level is high you will not be able to burn fat! The continuous exposure of your body to too much sugar, and the constant insulin release that occurs, also leads to increased insulin resistancealso called decreased insulin sensitivity.

Sugar: What You Have To Know For Weight Loss And Health

Insulin resistance means that the body begins ignoring the signals of insulin—which normally tell cells in your body to absorb sugar and use it for energy or store it as glycogen or fat for use later. When your body begins ignoring insulin, sugar levels in the blood stream rise above normal hyperglycemiaand it takes ever higher levels of insulin for cells to absorb this sugar. Over time, this chronic condition is not only extremely taxing to the pancreas—which produces and releases insulin—but on your body as well, and can lead to diabetes and other adverse health conditions.

During periods of time when there is not enough blood sugar for energy as occurs shortly after an insulin spike caused by the consumption of sugar or, conversely, while fasting—including while sleeping and between mealsa person that is insulin and leptin resistant will turn to using glycogen and protein including the amino acids from muscle to convert to glucose for energy instead of metabolizing fat.

In other words, a person that is insulin and leptin resistant and faced with a need for energy is, in part, more likely than normal to consume his or her own muscle for energy instead of burning fat. This, in turn, increases hunger—further reinforcing a vicious cycle of eating and storing excess energy as fat. Additionally, leptin is angiogenicmeaning it promotes the growth of new blood vessels—fundamental in the transformation of dormant tumors into malignant tumors.

Overweight individuals tend to be resistant to leptin and, consequently, have high circulating levels of leptin—providing a strong link between obesity and cancer.