Mastani - WikiVividly
As the story goes, Bajirao had an intimate relationship with both his first wife KashiBai and Mastani, his second wife. Yet, though Bajirao was. In return to his help, the Maharaja of Chhatrasal gave Mastani in marriage to him. After Mastani joined the family, Kashibai started having a. Patil admits that the relationship of Bajirao Peshwa (I) and Mastani had Moreover, both Kashibai and Mastani maintained distance in public.
Comprising a land area of 1, km2, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East, with It is the country with both a Caspian Sea and an Indian Ocean coastline.
The countrys central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, Tehran is the countrys capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is the site of to one of the worlds oldest civilizations, the area was first unified by the Iranian Medes in BC, who became the dominant cultural and political power in the region. The empire collapsed in BC following the conquests of Alexander the Great, under the Sassanid Dynasty, Iran again became one of the leading powers in the world for the next four centuries.
Beginning in AD, Arabs conquered Iran and largely displaced the indigenous faiths of Manichaeism and Zoroastrianism by Islam, Iran became a major contributor to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential scientists, scholars, artists, and thinkers.
During the 18th century, Iran reached its greatest territorial extent since the Sassanid Empire, through the late 18th and 19th centuries, a series of conflicts with Russia led to significant territorial losses and the erosion of sovereignty. Popular unrest culminated in the Persian Constitutional Revolution ofwhich established a monarchy and the countrys first legislative body. Following a coup instigated by the U. Growing dissent against foreign influence and political repression led to the Revolution, Irans rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 21 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and 11th-largest in the world.
Its political system is based on the Constitution which combines elements of a democracy with a theocracy governed by Islamic jurists under the concept of a Supreme Leadership. A multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, most inhabitants are Shia Muslims, the largest ethnic groups in Iran are the Persians, Azeris, Kurds and Lurs. Historically, Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West, due mainly to the writings of Greek historians who called Iran Persis, meaning land of the Persians.
As the most extensive interactions the Ancient Greeks had with any outsider was with the Persians, however, Persis was originally referred to a region settled by Persians in the west shore of Lake Urmia, in the 9th century BC. The settlement was then shifted to the end of the Zagros Mountains. Madhya Pradesh — Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India.
Its capital is Bhopal and the largest city is Indore, nicknamed the heart of India due to its geographical location in India, Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in the country by area.
With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the fifth-largest state in India by population and it borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest.
By the early 18th century, the region was divided into small kingdoms which were captured by the British and incorporated into Central Provinces and Berar. This state was the largest in India by area untilin recent years, the states GDP growth has been above the national average. Its tourism industry has seen growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in — Isolated remains of Homo erectus found in Hathnora in the Narmada Valley indicate that Madhya Pradesh might have been inhabited in the Middle Pleistocene era, painted pottery dated to the later mesolithic period has been found in the Bhimbetka rock shelters.
Chalcolithic sites belonging to Kayatha culture and Malwa culture have been discovered in the part of the state. The city of Ujjain arose as a centre in the region.
Rare manuscripts of Peshwa history lie wrapped in government apathy
It served as the capital of the Avanti kingdom, other kingdoms mentioned in ancient epics — Malava, Karusha, Dasarna and Nishada — have also been identified with parts of Madhya Pradesh. Chandragupta Maurya united northern India around BCE, establishing the Mauryan Empire, ashoka the greatest of Mauryan rulers brought the region under firmer control.
After the decline of the Maurya empire, the region was contested among the Sakas, the Kushanas, the Satavahanas, Heliodorus, the Greek Ambassador to the court of the Shunga king Bhagabhadra erected the Heliodorus pillar near Vidisha. Ujjain emerged as the predominant commercial centre of western India from the first century BCE, the Satavahana dynasty of the northern Deccan and the Saka dynasty of the Western Satraps fought for the control of Madhya Pradesh during the 1st to 3rd centuries CE.
The Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni inflicted a defeat upon the Saka rulers and conquered parts of Malwa. Subsequently, the region came under the control of the Gupta empire in the 4th and 5th centuries, and their southern neighbours, the attacks of the Hephthalites or White Huns brought about the collapse of the Gupta empire, which broke up into smaller states.
The king Yasodharman of Malwa defeated the Huns inending their expansion, later, Harsha ruled the northern parts of the state 7. It is a town in the Bundelkhand region.
This town holds relics of temples and man-made water bodies of the Chandela Dynasty, historians have different theories about the origin of its name, primarily there are two opinions about the name. It doesnt have any supporting evidence for the theory, it seems that the British writer of the gazetteer went by the folklore, second theory is based on some historical facts dating back early 17th century. Some relates it with a tantrik rite Kaula Tantra, Kulpahar was a site to perform secret tantrik rituals of gossain cult on a hill near Gahra lake, hence the town got its name Kaula pahar which as the time passed became Kulpahar.
Kulpahar was the capital of a state of the same name in British India.
Kulpahar was captured by the British inand became a state in the Bundelkhand Agency of the Central India Agency. The chief resided at the town of Nowgong in Madhya Pradesh, the fort of Kulpahar, situated on a steep hill, towers more than ft above the sea level, and contains the ruins of elaborately carved sculptures.
Brief history of Kulpahar is covered under the section of origin, after the Mughals fall and the rise of Chhatrasal Bundela, Kulpahar passed under his sway but failed to acquire and kind of pre-eminence.
In the 17th century Chhatrasal declared independence and put a stiff resistance against Aurangzeb and he established a Bundella Principality and Bahadur Shah Moghal had to confirm all his acquisitions in the area called Bundelkhand. His Marathaarmy of 70, men dashed from Indore and encamped at Mahoba and they surrounded forces of nawab Banghash who had captured Jaitpur, Belatal, Mudhari and Kulpahar etc.
The Peshwa inflicted a defeat over the Nawab by annihilating his forces in the dense forests of Jaitpur, Mudhari. In return for help, Chhatrasal bequeathed one third of his dominion to the Maratha Chieftain. Its administration was, however, carried over by the subedar of Jalaun until AD when it was annexed by the East India Company 8. Uttar Pradesh — Uttar Pradesh, abbreviated as UP, is the most populous state in the Republic of India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world.
The state, located in the region of the Indian subcontinent, has over million inhabitants. It coverssquare kilometres, equal to 7. Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the states economy, the service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate, insurance and financial consultancies.
Bajirao Mastani and our problem with polyamory
Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of ancient and medieval India, the two major rivers of the state, the Ganges and Yamuna, join at Allahabad and then flow as the Ganges further east. Modern human hunter-gatherers have been in Uttar Pradesh since between around 85, and 72, years ago, the kingdom of Kosala, in the Mahajanapada era, was located within the regional boundaries of modern-day Uttar Pradesh.
According to Hindu legend, the divine king Rama of the Ramayana epic reigned in Ayodhya, the aftermath of the Mahabharata yuddh is believed to have taken place in the area between the Upper Doab and Delhi, during the reign of the Pandava king Yudhishthira.
Control over this region was of importance to the power and stability of all of Indias major empires, including the Maurya, Kushan, Gupta. Following the Huns invasions that broke the Gupta empire, the Ganges-Yamuna Doab saw the rise of Kannauj, during the reign of Harshavardhana, the Kannauj empire reached its zenith.
It spanned from Punjab in the north and Gujarat in the west to Bengal in the east and it included parts of central India, north of the Narmada River and it encompassed the entire Indo-Gangetic plain. Many communities in parts of India claim descent from the migrants of Kannauj. Kannauj was several times invaded by the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty, in the Mughal era, Uttar Pradesh became the heartland of the empire.
Jhansi — Jhansi is a historic city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It lies in the region of Bundelkhand on the banks of the Pahuj River, Jhansi is the administrative headquarters of Jhansi district and Jhansi division. Called the Gateway to Bundelkhand, Jhansi is situated between the rivers Pahuj and Betwa at an elevation of metres. It is about kilometres from New Delhi and kilometres from Lucknow, the original walled city grew around its stone fort which crowns a neighbouring rock.
The ancient name of the city was Balwantnagar, from toJhansi was the capital of the princely state of Jhansi which was ruled by Maratha rajas.
The state was annexed by the British Governor General inDamodar Raos claim to the throne was rejected, Jhansi is well connected to all other major towns in Uttar Pradesh by road and railway networks. The National Highways Development Project has supported development of Jhansi, srinagar to Kanyakumari North-South corridor passes through Jhansi as does the East-West corridor, consequently there has been a sudden rush of infrastructure and real estate development in the city.
A greenfield airport development has been planned, on 28 August, Jhansi was selected among 98 cities for smart city initiative by Government of India. This name Jhainsi in course of time corrupted to Jhansi.
It was one of the most strategically situated forts of central India being built on a rock rising out of the plain and commanding the city. In the 18th century the town of Jhansi served as the capital of a Maratha province and later the Princely State of Jhansi from tillwhen the territory became a part of British India. According to the census, Jhansi has a population of , the literacy rate of Jhansi is The sex ratio is females for every males, Jhansi city has 57th rank among the most populated cities of India, according to the census.
Jhansi is located at Jhansi lies on the plateau of central India, an area dominated by rocky relief, the city has a natural slope in the north as it is on the south western border of the vast Tarai plains of Uttar Pradesh and the elevation rises on the south.
The land is suitable for species of fruit and crops include wheat, pulses, peas. The region relies heavily on Monsoon the rains for irrigation purposes, under an ambitious canal project, the government is constructing a network of canals for irrigation in Jhansi and Lalitpur and some part of Madhya Pradesh Pune — Pune is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra and the ninth most populous city in the country.
In the 18th century, Pune was the centre of the Indian subcontinent. Considered to be the capital of Maharashtra, Pune is known as Oxford of the East due to the presence of several well-known educational institutions in the city. The city has emerged as an educational hub in recent decades. Since the s and s, Pune has had a traditional old-economic base as most of the old industries continue to grow, a few college in the Europe have also actively engaged in Student-exchange programs with several colleges in Pune.
It also highlights Pune among evolving business centres and emerging nine cities around the world with citation Hosts IT, the oldest reference to the place is found inscribed on a Rashtrakuta Dynasty copper plate dated AD, which refers to the town as Punya-Vishaya meaning Sacred News.
By the 13th century, it had come to be known as Punawadi, copper plates dated AD and AD show that by the 8th century an agricultural settlement known as Punnaka existed where Pune is today. The plates indicate that this region was ruled by the Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex was built during this era.
Pune was part of the territory ruled by Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri from the 9th century toinMaloji Raje Bhosale was granted the jagirdari of Pune by the Ahmadnagar Sultanate. Patil admits that the relationship of Bajirao Peshwa I and Mastani had caused considerable clashes within the royal family.
So much so, that Bajirao Peshwa's uncle Chimajiappa had Mastani put under detention when Bajirao Peshwa was out on one of his expeditions. Matters reached to such levels that once Shahu Maharaj had to threaten to take away the royal title and robes of Peshwas if Bajirao Peshwa I did not end his affair with Mastani. He adds that the dignity and character of Mastani could be known from the letters she wrote to Nanasaheb Peshwa.
Rare manuscripts of Peshwa history lie wrapped in government apathy
Ashutosh Patankar, a descendant of Kashibai argues that Kashibai suffered for a debilitating kind of arthritis at a very young age. Hence it was out of question for her to be dancing with Mastani.
Patankar adds that Kashibai was a learned lady and had her own library of books. A fact that Dr. Moreover, both Kashibai and Mastani maintained distance in public. They never came together. The royal women then never exposed their belly or back in public. Moreover, Peshwas were the worshippers of Lord Ganesha and in the movie shows him worshipping Malhari incarnation of lord Shiva, says Dr.