Pip's relationship with Magwitch Things to comment on or questions to answer: Explain how Pip's relationship with Joe is restored in this part of the novel. The Relationship between Pip and Magwitch and how Dickens establishes the Relationship in the Novel Max Kamath 10T The novel 'Great Expectations' is. Abel Magwitch, like Pip, follows his own rags to riches story and has his own ' Great Expectations'. He has quite a dramatic change in personality between the.
Pip supplies Magwitch with food and a file to help him in his escape. At this point in the story Magwitch is a frightening figure often compared to a hunted animal.
Magwitch is recaptured and is transported to Australia so he disappears from the novel for quite a while. He reappears under the name of 'Provis' many years later when Pip has grown up and is living in London after coming into money from a mysterious benefactor. By this time Magwitch is a much older and somewhat kinder figure — though he is still tough and determined to achieve his goals. It eventually becomes clear that Magwitch: Although he terrifies Pip when he is a boy, Magwitch grows to love Pip as his own son and tries to help him to become a gentleman later in life.
Pip also comes to love and respect the older Magwitch. How is Magwitch like this? Evidence Analysis Threatening Magwitch has had a brutal life and had to fight for everything. He threatens Pip on the marshes and Herbert when he returns to London unexpectedly. He physically attacks Compeyson to prevent his escape.
He is an escaped convict, desperate to avoid capture and will say and do anything to keep his freedom. The scene takes place in a graveyard which adds to the sinister feeling. Seeks revenge Magwitch wants revenge on Compeyson, his partner in crime who betrayed him. He also seeks revenge on society in general for treating him harshly and unfairly. I not only prevented him getting off the marshes, but I dragged him here — dragged him this far on his way back.
Honourable Although he is a criminal, Magwitch helps those who help him and tries to avoid getting innocent people into trouble. He also admits to the crimes he has committed. So he nobly takes the blame upon himself. Determined Magwitch shows that given the right opportunities in life, he could be a productive and useful member of society.
He also carries through any plans which he makes. But I held to it, and the harder it was, the stronger I held, for I was determined, and my mind firm made up. Comment on the contrast between Pip's letter and the narrative before and after it. Back to top Chapter This episode occurs after Pip has gone to London to be brought up as a gentleman.
Pip is embarrassed by Joe, who senses this and leaves. He promises never to return to London. Pip knows he is patronizing Joe, but cannot help it. How and why does Pip feel embarrassed by Joe? What does Pip realize about Joe only when it is too late? Read the final paragraph of Chapter Comment on Herbert's natural courtesy towards Joe.
Great Expectations - studying relationships
Explain how Dickens shows Joe's unease in the description of his hat and clothes. The final paragraph of this chapter is among the most moving in the whole novel.
Explain the simile comparison here. What is the emotive effect of this conclusion to the chapter? Back to top Chapters 58 and This is the conclusion of the novel. Pip has lost his fortune and been arrested for debt. He catches a fever but is nursed back to health by Joe. Joe pays off his debt. Despairing of Estella Pip thinks of proposing to Biddy. He returns to the forge, but before he can speak, Biddy explains that she is married to Joe.
Pip asks Joe to forgive him, and their reconciliation is complete. In the final chapter of the novel, Pip returns after many years, to find that Joe and Biddy have a son, whom they have named after him. But now he does. Explain how Pip's relationship with Joe is restored in this part of the novel.
What is the meaning of Pip's speech at the end of the chapter in several sections? What is the effect of this phrase being written by Biddy in her letter in Chapter 27, and again in Joe's note to Pip in this chapter? Explain how "what larks" becomes a catchphrase, almost, for Joe's and Pip's friendship.
Comment on the similarity between the earlier description of Pip at the start of the novel and the description of his younger namesake here. Back to top Pip's relationship with Joe in all these passages: Show how Pip and Joe begin as the best of friends, how this relationship is affected by Pip's wealth, and how it is restored when he loses his money. Pip, early in the novel, decides Joe is not very intelligent, as he cannot teach him to read.
Later, though, Biddy does teach him. What does this show the reader. Some readers think the portrayal of Joe is over-sentimental. What is your view of him? Some background on Joe Read this if you need help; ignore it if you don't!
While it suits the plot for Pip's protector to be a blacksmith he has the means to remove the convict's leg-iron it also seems a fitting occupation for the man Dickens depicts. The job is hard and requires skill, yet no formal learning, so Joe seems a fool to those around him. We forgive the child, Pip, for doing this. But others - Mrs. Joe and Pumblechook - both patronize Joe and ignore him. Miss Havisham, a shrewder judge, seems to see what Joe is really like, in spite of his awkwardness, when she signs Pip's indentures i.
Joe becomes self-conscious and tongue-tied in unfamiliar surroundings, yet can speak well. This does not appear in the clumsy rhyme of his intended epitaph for his father "Whatsume'er the failings on his part, Remember reader he were that good in his hart".
Joe is more eloquent when he says of his blacksmith father: Joe's plain speaking often exposes others' false standards, as when he says of Pip's house in London, that he "wouldn't keep a pig in it", at least not if he wanted "a meller mellow flavour" in the pork. Joe appears to be a poor scholar, but Biddy's patience succeeds where Pip has failed, and he learns to read and write.
The physical strength of blacksmiths is proverbial and Joe illustrates this well. Orlick, himself a big man, is knocked down by Joe "as if he had been of no more account than the pale young gentleman" Herbert, when youngerand Pip knows of no-one who could stand up long against Joe, although Joe is not at all aggressive.
Joe is typically a gentle giant. He does what he can to protect Pip from "Tickler" Mrs. Joe's stickbut sees that too much interference will lead to more trouble later. Back to top The reader is amused by the picture of Mrs. Joe's constant assaults upon this great man, who never retaliates, for fear of becoming like his bullying father. Joe's great size is almost a metaphor for his moral stature. He knows what he can do well in life his job and sees what is wrong with Pip's fantasy existence in London long before Pip does.
Though Joe tells Pip he will never see him again out of his forge and his working-clothes, he is man enough to go once more to London when Pip is ill and in danger of prison. His money, earned by honest toil, pays off the immediate debt. Joe wants no thanks and is embarrassed when Pip refers to it: Both the older Pip who tells the story and Biddy, at the time of the events narrated, point the reader to Joe's virtues.
There are touches of sentimentality in the depiction of this honest, simple but deep character; but they are only touches, and Pip, aware of his earlier ingratitude to Joe, can be excused for indulging them. The portrayal of Joe is convincing and very moving. We are not sure about his father, but Joe is certainly "good in his hart". Exploring Pip's relationship with Magwitch Read chapters39, and 56; if you want to know more about Magwitch, click here.
Familial Relationships in Great Expectations: The Search for Identity
Comment on how caring for the convict helps cure Pip of his snobbery. Does Dickens think all criminals are bad? Comment on Dickens' view of those convicted of crime and of the legal system and powerful people who pass judgement on them. Comment on the effect of Pip's discovery of the source of his wealth.
Note that this comes at the end of the second of the novel's three parts - very late in the narrative. Comment on the ways in which Dickens gains the reader's sympathy for those on trial. Comment on Dickens' use of dialogue in the chapters in which Magwitch appears. Explain the ironic effect of Pip's quoting without speech marks the judge's exact words in his passing sentence - does Dickens want the reader really to accept the judge's views? Explain Magwitch's sense of irony in his words to the judge Chapter Comment on the symbolism Chapter 56 of the "broad shaft of light" dividing the judge from those being sentenced.
Explain how Dickens uses biblical language and allusion reference in Chapter 56, to suggest that man's judgement is not the same as God's. Pip refers to a parable in St. Luke's gospel Luke Magwitch's Christian name mentioned only six times in the novel is Abel. In the book of Genesis Adam has two sons, Cain and Abel. Like the biblical Abel, Magwitch keeps sheep; like Abel, whom Cain murders, Magwitch is the victim of someone close to him.
Some background on Magwitch Read this if you need help; ignore it if you don't! Abel Magwitch is one of Dickens' greatest inventions in this novel - he leaps out at the reader at the start, haunts Pip as he grows up, and returns to explode his illusions.
He is intimately linked with other characters in the novel, and does not realize this himself. Dickens uses Magwitch and his daughter, Estella, to show that social class is an artificial creation of man, and that we are all equal in truth and in the sight of God.
Magwitch is thematically linked with Estella from the start. Pip's horror of Magwitch is often expressed as a fear of what Estella would think if he knew Pip had helped him. Repeatedly, convicts, the courts or reminders of Magwitch appear in scenes in which Estella is present.
Magwitch is also contrasted with Miss Havisham. Pip supposes her to be his benefactress and hopes that she is since Estella may also be included in her design when in reality his money comes from Magwitch. The connections among the characters begin before the start of the narrative. Compeyson, a "gentleman" in terms of social class befriends Miss Havisham's brother, Arthur, and later takes on Magwitch as his helper.
When the Havishams disinherit Arthur, Compeyson helps him be revenged - although married, he poses as a suitor, and jilts Miss Havisham on her wedding day. Soon after, he is arrested for his various frauds, along with Magwitch, whom he blames for allegedly leading him into crime.
The reverse is the truth, but Compeyson is believed because of his smooth manners. When Magwitch's common-law wife, Molly, kills a rival and is acquitted through the skill of her lawyer, Mr. Jaggers, she is persuaded to give up her child for adoption, as another client of his, Miss Havisham, wants to adopt a baby girl.
Magwitch, now convicted, is told that the child was born dead. At the start of the novel, Magwitch escapes from the hulks old warships used as prisons but finds that Compeyson has escaped, too. He lets himself be caught in order to return his enemy to prison.
He threatens Pip, he does him no harm; when recaptured he saves Pip from trouble by admitting to the theft of some food from the forge. As soon as he has any money to give, he sends it to Pip in the village - years later Pip overhears a convict on the roof of a coach tell how he delivered this money. Back to top For attempting escape, Magwitch is transported to Australia. When he has served his time he can make a new life there, but if he returns to England, he faces the death sentence.
In fact, this did not happen at the time in which the novel is set - the offence [returning from transport] was on the statute books untilbut the last hanging of a returned transport took place in The reader learns this later from Magwitch himself Chapter He farms sheep, lives cheaply and saves his money.
When he has saved a fair amount he communicates with Mr. Jaggers, who acts as his agent and becomes Pip's guardian and adviser.