Predator and prey relationship in taiga

An Overview of Fascinating Symbiotic Relationships in the Taiga

predator and prey relationship in taiga

We provide some information about such relationships in the taiga biome. is a predator species and the snowshoe hare is the prey species. The taiga's heavy tree cover helps bobcats sneak up on their prey and also In addition, bobcats are among the few taiga predators who can kill and eat. The black bear, like all bears, is a predator, and an omnivore. black bear helps the environment by killing off the elderly, and weaklings of over populated prey.

The organisms that share a symbiotic relationship are called symbionts. Types of Symbiotic Relationships Mutualism denotes a relation, wherein both the symbionts derive benefit from each other. For example, pollinators like bees and birds feed on the nectar of flowers, and in return they pollinate flowers. Thus, both species gain from the relation. Parasitism refers to a relation where one party benefits and the other is harmed.

predator and prey relationship in taiga

For example, parasitic plants live on host trees and derive food from the tree, thereby harming the latter. Commensalism denotes a relation in which one symbiont benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited. For example, cattle egrets are often seen with cattle.

predator and prey relationship in taiga

These birds feed on insects that are stirred up when the cattle moves. Cattle is neither harmed nor benefited from this relation. A fourth type of symbiosis called amensalism is divided into two types - competition and antibiosis. Competition is the relationship between animals that fight for food and other resources, in the same area. In antibiosis, one organism produces substances that can kill the other species. In short, symbiotic relationships are of different types, and can be found in almost all ecosystems of the world.

Being the largest terrestrial biome of the world, taiga is home to many animal and plant species. Though symbiotic relations are not that common in taiga, they are not very rare.

Given below are some examples of symbiotic relationships in the taiga biome. Mutualism Pine Trees and Corvids The Clark's nutcracker is a corvid that stores pine seeds in the ground for later use. Most of the pine species have winged seeds that are dispersed by the wind. The boreal forest has numerous pine species that produce wingless seeds. Such pines depend on corvids like jays and nutcrackers, for seed dispersal. These birds feed on pine seeds that they collect and bury as a source of food for winter.

predator and prey relationship in taiga

However, many of the seeds remain buried and germinate during favorable conditions. Algae and Fungi Lichens grow abundantly in the boreal forest.

predator and prey relationship in taiga

Bobcats occupy the southern parts of the taiga. Because they have difficulty maneuvering through deep snow, they don't live as far north as their relatives, the lynx. As temperatures grow warmer, bobcats move further north. Prey Rabbits make up a major part of the bobcat diet, but these felines are versatile and opportunistic. They prey on animals as small as birds and rodents and as large as deer; in fact, bobcats can kill animals 10 times as heavy as they are.

An Overview of Fascinating Symbiotic Relationships in the Taiga

In the boreal forest, lemmings, snowshoe hares, squirrels and voles abound. Studies show that only about 30 species of these birds remain there in the winter months. The rest migrate to warmer climates.

There are several types of animals that seem to do well in the taiga biome.

predator and prey relationship in taiga

Most of them are predatory animals that feed on other animals that also live in that biome. These animals include the lynxbobcat, and wolverine. They are able to eat a variety of foods including elk, deer, mouse, rabbits, and squirrels. The American Black Bear is found in the taiga biome.

Pred. & Prey - Taiga

It consumes a variety of different foods including twigs, leaves, and plants. You will notice that many of the animals that live in the taiga biome are able to change their color based on the time of year.

  • A Bobcat's Habitat in the Taiga

That helps them to remain camouflaged from predators. They also have thicker coats in the winter, and they will shed them in the summer months. Coniferous trees are very common in the taiga biome. This is why it is often referred to as the boreal forest. There are also lots of lichen and moss that grow in the taiga biome.

They offer a great source of food for the insects that live in this environment. The coniferous trees have long thin needles and they are known as evergreens. They have wax on the needles and that helps to offer them protection from the harsh winds of the taiga biome. Instead, they remain part of the tree all year long. You will also find that they are close together in this region.

That helps them to avoid damage from the wind too.

Taiga Biome

The Balsam Fir also is found in the taiga biome. They can grow to be up to 80 feet tall which is remarkable. They can also end up living for up to years. Depending on the location, many of the lower branches can die. However, the rest of the tree is still strong and thriving.