Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony was born February 15, in Adams, Massachusetts. This experience, and her acquaintance with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, led her to . evil" of prostitution in a speech in Chicago, calling for equality in marriage, in the. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an abolitionist, human rights activist and one of Marriage and Motherhood . Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton Biography. nickchinlund.info stanton. The papers of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, two pioneers in items dating primarily from to as Anthony and Stanton led the and Stanton also advocated on women's legal status, health issues.
Finally, on July 4,slavery was ended in New York. African Americans, refusing to have their day of emancipation eclipsed by their white neighbors' own independence, pointedly waited until the following day, the fifth of July, to hold celebrations around the state. Stanton never mentioned that day of emancipation, neither to re. Is it unfair to have expected an eleven-year-old to notice? Certainly she seethed when one of the judge's law students, Henry Bayard, upon being shown Elizabeth's new Christmas gifts, teased, "if in due time you should be my wife, those ornaments would be mine.
She felt no qualms, then or later, about criticizing her father's adherence to convention where the status of women was concerned. But her sensitivity to injustice and her outrage at the laws of property seem not to have extended to Peter Teabout and the other enslaved men in the Cady household.
Like many ambitious young girls, Elizabeth Cady chose men as her role models. Feeling slighted by her father, whom she revered, and apparently unimpressed with what her mother could teach her, she turned to her neighbor, Presbyterian pastor Simon Hosack, for guidance. When Eleazar died, and Elizabeth decided "that the chief thing to be done in order to equal boys was to be learned and courageous," Rev. Hosack agreed to tutor her in Greek and Latin.
Horseback riding, the child's measure of heroism itself, she would have to learn on her own. Her father, "evidently pleased," nevertheless repeated, "Ah, you should have been a boy! Only he, she recalled, offered the "unbounded praises and visions of [her] future success" that she so desperately wanted.
As hard as Elizabeth was working to persuade her father that she was "as good as a boy," her student years at the Johnstown Academy actually allowed her to be one of them. Until she graduated at sixteen, she was "the only girl in the higher classes of mathematics and the languages," and relished as well the "running races, sliding downhill, and snowballing" in which there was "no distinction of sex. If the young Elizabeth had not later turned that exclusion into a philosophy of woman's rights, we might simply shrug at her teenage self-absorption.
After all, the child was indulged in her rebellions, had found an otherwise busy adult to teach her Greek and sing her praises, and enjoyed the attention of young men who were willing to argue with her on all subjects.
And although she was barred from Union College, she was hardly deprived of a formal education. In she entered Emma Willard's school, the Troy Female Seminary, and there received the best education available to girls — not merely a "fashionable" one, as she later sneered. For all the constraints on women in Elizabeth Cady's youthful world, there had been dramatic change in the area of girls' education.
Their students gathered in schools and literary societies to test the proposition that women's intellects were, in fact, equal to men's. The school served as a model, and indeed a training ground, for the next generation's founders and professors of women's colleges. Elizabeth Cady's own classmates were, like her, the daughters of the elite and professional classes; her younger sisters, Margaret and Catherine, would follow her there in andrespectively.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton - HISTORY
The school's catalogue of its early graduates reads like a "Who's Who" of the daughters and, later, wives of lawyers, politicians, and merchants. Frances Miller, who later married politician William Henry Seward, had attended the school a decade earlier, as had her sister Lazette, later lawyer Alvah Worden's wife.
But Elizabeth Cady liked boys, and she thought the prospect of an all-girls school "dreary and profitless. But she was not, or not only, a flirt; mostly, she wanted to be one of them, to compete with them on their terms. She would always relish any chance to best "the young masculinity," whom she found so often "mistaking bluster for logic. Both she and the more conventionally feminine girls were happy to cast her as a heroic male figure.
For Stanton, All Women Were Not Created Equal
In one foolish escapade, she swapped her essay for the less excellent composition of one of her young admirers; discovered and disgraced, she found, decades later, that the memory could still evoke that horrible adolescent mixture of mortification and pride: You went through that ordeal like a soldier,' " and announced, " 'You are so good and noble I know you will not betray me.
A Friendship that Changed the World, tells a compelling story for readers, and Colman also masterfully presents the facts — that women in the 19th century operated under many societal restrictions: Susan, a Quaker, came from a background where girls were valued and educated just as Quaker boys were, but Susan began to see the real world when she became a teacher and was routinely paid about one-quarter of the salary she would have received if she had been a man.
Elizabeth was from a well-to-do family where boys were favored. Elizabeth married and began having children, and while she very much loved her family, she saw how trapped and isolated she was by mothering.Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton Documentary
At that time, women had little opportunity to control whether or not they became pregnant, and it frequently happened that just as Elizabeth was about to attend a new round of meetings or take on a new push for voting rights, she would find herself pregnant and more or less homebound again. Despite this, Elizabeth attended everything she could and when she was needed at home, she served their team effort by writing speeches that Susan could use at conventions or on the road.
Colman tells a story of Elizabeth planning to visit her son at boarding school; she receives a letter from him requesting that she please not wear bloomers when she comes. Bloomers were just beginning to be worn in the late 19th century.
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Elizabeth writes back pointing out that if the two of them were walking in a field and they were to encounter a bull, Neil, her son, would be able to run away but she would be encumbered by her petticoats. In the s Anthony served on the board of trustees of Rochester's State Industrial School, campaigning for coeducation and equal treatment and opportunity for boys and girls. In a last-minute effort to meet the deadline she put up the cash value of her life insurance policy.
The University was forced to make good its promise and women were admitted for the first time in Anthony's paper The Revolution, first published inadvocated an eight-hour work day and equal pay for equal work.
It promoted a policy of purchasing American-made goods and encouraging immigration to rebuild the South and settle the entire country. Publishing The Revolution in New York brought her in contact with women in the printing trades.
In Anthony encouraged working women from the printing and sewing trades in New York, who were excluded from men's trade unions, to form Workingwomen's Associations. As a delegate to the National Labor Congress in Anthony persuaded the committee on female labor to call for votes for women and equal pay for equal work, although the men at the conference deleted the reference to the vote.
In Anthony formed and was elected president of the Workingwomen's Central Association. The Association drew up reports on working conditions and provided educational opportunities for working women. Anthony encouraged a cooperative workshop founded by the Sewing Machine Operators Union and boosted the newly-formed women typesetters' union in The Revolution.
Anthony tried to establish trade schools for women printers. When printers in New York went on strike, she urged employers to hire women instead, believing this would show that they could do the job as well as men, and therefore prove that they deserved equal pay.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony: A Friendship that Changed the World
At the National Labor Union Congress, the men's Typographical Union accused her of strike- breaking and running a non-union shop at The Revolution, and called her an enemy of labor. In the s, while president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, Anthony emphasized the importance of gaining the support of organized labor.
She encouraged Florence Kelley and Jane Addams in their work in Chicago, and Gail Laughlin in her goal to seek protection for working women through trade unions. Anthony was brought up a Quaker. Her family believed drinking liquor was sinful. While Anthony was working as head of the girls' department of Canajoharie Academy she joined the Daughters of Temperance, a group of women who drew attention to the effects of drunkenness on families and campaigned for stronger liquor laws.
She made her first public speech in at a Daughters of Temperance supper. When Anthony returned to Rochester in she was elected president of the Rochester branch of the Daughters of Temperance and raised money for the cause. In Anthony was refused the right to speak at the state convention of the Sons of Temperance in Albany.
She left the meeting and called her own. In Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton founded the Women's State Temperance Society with the goal of petitioning the State legislature to pass a law limiting the sale of liquor. The State Legislature rejected the petition because most of the 28, signatures were from women and children. Anthony decided that women needed the vote so that politicians would listen to them.
She and Stanton were criticized for talking too much about women's rights and resigned from the Women's State Temperance Society. In the s Anthony and Stanton drew attention to the case of Abby McFarland whose drunken and abusive husband, Daniel, shot and killed the man she had divorced him to marry.
They protested when Daniel was acquitted of murder on a plea of temporary insanity and given custody of their son. In the s Anthony supported the Rochester women organizers of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, although she told them that women would need to get the vote to reach their goal.