Gulf of Alaska - Wikipedia
Find and save Gulf Of Alaska Where Two Oceans Meet Memes | from Instagram, Facebook, Memes, Videos, and nickchinlund.info: back to the davs of Let's Play. 15th Regular Session of the WCPFC. Location: Hawaii Convention Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. Meeting Dates: Sunday, December 9, to Friday. Cruise itineraries stick to calm waters, but rough seas can be of the Seas when it was forced to circle the Gulf of Mexico for nearly two days.
Without baseline data, it is hard to understand how ecosystems respond to changes in environmental conditions, which can occur naturally or as a result of human activities.
Think of a baseline like this: This is your baseline to measure from. If you suddenly run up a long flight of steps, your heart starts beating much faster and you are probably out of breath. If you count your heartbeat now, you can measure how much it changed from the baseline. That change is the impact caused by running up the steps. For example, in the Gulf of Alaska it is difficult to know exactly how the oil spill changed sea otter population numbers.
This is hard to measure because baseline data for the number of sea otters living there before the spill doesn't exist. In order to improve our understanding of baselines and change for the entire Gulf of Alaska ecosystem, the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council created and continues to fund the work of the Gulf Watch Alaska long-term monitoring program. Gulf Watch Alaska is a team of scientists and researchers who work together to measure and monitor different parts of the ecosystem in the spill area.
Today, more than 26 years after the accident, scientists are still trying to understand the full impacts of the spill on the waters and wildlife of the Gulf. To that end, Gulf Watch Alaska has brought together twelve different organizations and over 40 scientists to study all aspects of the Gulf of Alaska and its state of recovery from the spill.
Monitoring the lasting effects of the oil spill is no small task. Like a large puzzle, the Gulf of Alaska is a complex system made up of ever smaller components. The four main components being studied by Gulf Watch Alaska are the driving environmental forces of the Gulf, the pelagic ecosystem of its waters, the nearshore ecosystems of its coast, and the lingering oil that still remains from the Exxon Valdez spill.
By closely monitoring these components simultaneously, the scientists of Gulf Watch Alaska hope to better understand the whole picture of the Gulf of Alaska and its continuing recovery from the spill. The Gulf Watch Alaska monitoring program is organized into four related ecosystem monitoring components. The hurricane season is from June to November, but hurricanes occur most frequently in September.
The yearly average is about eight such storms.
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The Caribbean has fewer hurricanes than either the western Pacific where these storms are called typhoons or the Gulf of Mexico.
Most hurricanes form in the eastern Atlantic near the Cape Verde Islands and follow the path of the trade winds into the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico, although the exact path of any hurricane is unpredictable. In one of the deadliest hurricanes on record, Flora, caused the loss of more than 7, lives and extensive property damage in the Caribbean alone. Such storms also have been a major cause of crop failure in the region.
Infrared satellite image of Hurricane Charley right approaching Cuba, Aug.
AP Economic aspects Resources While the vegetation of the Caribbean region is generally tropical, variations in topographysoils, rainfall, humidity, and soil nutrients have made it diverse.
The porous limestone terraces of the islands are generally nutrient-poor. Near the seashore, black and red mangroves form dense forests around lagoons and estuaries, and coconut palms typify the sandy vegetation of the littoral. Both the Central American region and the Antillean islands are on the routes of birds migrating to or from North Americaso that large seasonal variations occur in the bird populations.
Parrotsbananaquitsand toucans are typical resident Caribbean birds, while frigate birdsboobiesand tropic birds can be seen over the open ocean. Tropical vegetation on the hills overlooking Marigot Bay, Saint Lucia. The marine biota is derived from the Indian and western Pacific oceans via the Panamanic Seaway, which was closed by the rise of the Isthmus of Panama some four million years ago.
Special Event: Gulf of Alaska
Coral reef growth throughout the Antillean region is favoured by uniformly warm temperatures, clear water, and little change in salinity.
Submerged fields of turtle grass are found in the lagoons on the leeward sides of reefs. Sea turtles of several species, the manateeand the manta devil ray Manta birostris are also characteristic of the region. The spiny lobster is harvested throughout the Caribbean and is sold mainly to restaurants and tourist hotels, while the queen conch and reef fishes are local staples.
Among common game fish are the bonefishes of the Bahamian reefs, barracudadolphinmarlinand wahoo. Explosive human population growth and the overexploitation of marine resources in the region have stimulated international initiatives toward managing and preserving the environment. The Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region Cartegena Convention was adopted officially by about half of the countries of the Caribbean inbut its measures have since been implemented more broadly across the Caribbean community.
The Cartegena Convention calls for its signatories to provide—individually and jointly—protection, development, and management of the common waters of the wider Caribbean. Three protocols have been developed and launched under the framework of the convention: Tourism is an important part of the Caribbean economy, serving primarily the populations of the United States and Canada to the north and Brazil and Argentina to the south.
Connections by air and sea between the Caribbean and North America are generally more developed than are interisland connections. Overview of tourism in the Caribbean region. Trade and transportation The Caribbean has a complex pattern of trade and communications.
The volume of trade per capita is high, but most of this trade is conducted with countries outside the region. Each Caribbean country tends to trade with countries elsewhere that share a common language. Cuba, an exception, trades with a variety of countries, trade with former communist-bloc countries accounting for much of the total.
Intra-Caribbean trade is small, owing to limited industrial resources and the monocultural economic pattern. A lack of capital and limited natural resources generally have discouraged industrial development, although low labour costs and tax incentives have attracted some industry.Hindu Reacts MIRACLES OF ALLAH - 2 OCEAN'S MEET BUT DO NOT MIX - REACTION -
Markets for most Caribbean products are in the United States and Canada, which import bananassugarcoffeebauxiterumand oil. Study and exploration The first European to enter the Caribbean Sea was Christopher Columbuswho made landfall in the Bahamas in convinced that he had discovered a new route to Asia.
He continued south to found a key Spanish colony on the island of Hispaniola now divided politically between Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
In his subsequent three voyages, Columbus discovered the major features of the region. The study of Caribbean natural history began with observations published by early voyagers, notably those of the English buccaneer and explorer William Dampier in the late 17th century. The British Challenger Expedition briefly passed through the Caribbean infollowed by more-extensive American expeditions —89 on the Blake.
Danish and American expeditions from to the late s initiated the systematic research of the basin that has continued to the present day, with periodic expeditions mounted by various countries. The invention of scuba equipment, the development of research submarinesand the establishment of marine research laboratories in a number of countries in the Caribbean region led to a rapid increase in the level of scientific activity in the second half of the 20th century.