Creation of the Animals
Hinduism includes a range of viewpoints about the origin of life, creationism and evolution. There is no single story of creation, due to dynamic diversity of Hinduism, Many Hindu texts mention the cycle of creation and destruction. According to Hindu creationism all species on earth including humans have " devolved" or. Chief among these explorations is the desire to explain the origin of man, earth, animals, plants, and other elements of nature. Rather, each creation myth will likely contain several common thematic features. Animal/Human Relationships. Visitors to the David H. Koch Hall of Human Origins bring with them many traditions of practice, literatures, sacred texts and stories, and sacred places A third possibility for the relationship between science and religion, one of Human beings were created through a direct act of divine intervention in the order of nature.
The words we reach for, from God to gravity, are inadequate to the task. So we have to use language poetically or symbolically; and such language, whether used by a scientist, a poet, or a shaman, can easily be misunderstood. Eliade and his colleague Charles Long developed a classification based on some common motifs that reappear in stories the world over. The classification identifies five basic types: Creation ex nihilo in which the creation is through the thought, word, dream or bodily secretions of a divine being.
Earth diver creation in which a diver, usually a bird or amphibian sent by a creator, plunges to the seabed through a primordial ocean to bring up sand or mud which develops into a terrestrial world.
Emergence myths in which progenitors pass through a series of worlds and metamorphoses until reaching the present world. Creation by the dismemberment of a primordial being. Creation by the splitting or ordering of a primordial unity such as the cracking of a cosmic egg or a bringing order from chaos. Originator deity which is awakened or an eternal entity within the abyss. Originator deity poised above the abyss.
Originator deity creating life through sound or word. Life generating from the corpse or dismembered parts of an originator deity. Ex nihilo Creation on the exterior shutters of Hieronymus Bosch 's triptych The Garden of Earthly Delights —90 The idea that God created the world out of nothing — ex nihilo — is central today to Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and the medieval Jewish philosopher Maimonides felt it was the only concept that the three religions shared.
The literal translation of the phrase ex nihilo is "from nothing" but in many creation myths the line is blurred whether the creative act would be better classified as a creation ex nihilo or creation from chaos. In ex nihilo creation myths the potential and the substance of creation springs from within the creator.
Such a creator may or may not be existing in physical surroundings such as darkness or water, but does not create the world from them, whereas in creation from chaos the substance used for creation is pre-existing within the unformed void.
Chaos cosmogony In creation from chaos myth, initially there is nothing but a formless, shapeless expanse. In these stories the word "chaos" means "disorder", and this formless expanse, which is also sometimes called a void or an abyss, contains the material with which the created world will be made. Chaos may be described as having the consistency of vapor or water, dimensionless, and sometimes salty or muddy.
He created several sons from his mind, Daksha, Daksha's wife, Manu Svaymbhuva, his wife Shatarupta and the rishi Kashypa. Kashypata married thirrteen of Daksha's daughter and all the devas and the createures were born through them.
Realmente p Hindu cosmological view[ edit ] Many Hindu philosophies mention that the creation is cyclic.
Myth - Animals and plants in myth | nickchinlund.info
A variety of myths exist regarding the specifics of the process, but in general the Hindu view of the cosmos is as eternal and cyclic. The later puranic view also asserts that the universe is created, destroyed, and re-created in an eternally repetitive series of cycles.
In Hindu cosmology, a universe endures for about 4,, years one day of Brahmathe creator or kalpa  and is then destroyed by fire or water elements. At this point, Brahma rests for one night, just as long as the day. This process, called pralaya cataclysmrepeats for Brahma years trillion, 40 billion human years that represents Brahma's lifespan.
Modern Interpretations of Scriptural archetypes[ edit ] Most Hindus accept the theory of biological evolution. Haldane opined that they are a true sequential depiction of the great unfolding of evolution.
Like the evolutionary process itself, the first avatar of God is a fish - Matsyathen comes the aquatic reptile turtle, Kurmathen a mammal - the boar Varahathen Narasimhaa man-lion being, Vamanathe dwarf then the rest four are humans; Kalki is not yet born.
Deshmukh have associated the Dashavatara with evolution. Vanara[ edit ] The Hindu epics mention an ape-like humanoid species called the vanaras. The Sanskrit epics of the Hindus mention several exotic creatures including ape-like humanoids. The Ramayana speaks of the Vanarasan ape-like species with human intelligence, that existed millions of years ago.
According to the Ramayana alongside these ape-men existed modern humans. Thus, according to these ancient writings, the status of such creatures was a state of coexistence rather than evolution. What the exhibition intends to create is an environment for an enriching and respectful dialogue on human origins that currently can be found in no other venue.
Scientific theories change in the light of new discoveries. Why should we believe what science has to say today about human origins when it may change tomorrow? The perception that scientists completely change their mind with each new discovery is mistaken. Although this has occurred occasionally in the history of science, it is relatively rare. What is frequently missed is the broad consensus among scientists in a field, like that of human origins research, which provides the basis for seeking new discoveries.
For example, it is broadly agreed that the various characteristics that distinguish our species did not emerge all at once. Walking on two legs emerged before making stone tools, and both of these occurred well before the biggest increase in human brain size.
Science, Religion, Evolution and Creationism: Primer
All of these came before the origin of art and symbolic communication. Farming and the rise of civilizations occurred much later still. There is broad scientific agreement even in the light of the most recent fossil discoveries that these changes that define our species took place over a period of about 6 million years.
Each visitor to the exhibition has the opportunity to explore both the latest findings of laboratory and field research as well as consider how the scientific community is using these to give a more complete account of human origins. Each visitor is also invited to consider how this account might inform their deepest religious understanding of what it means to be human. What is Intelligent Design and does the exhibit address it? Advocates of Intelligent Design ID hold that there are features of the natural world for which there are no natural explanations and that these features can be shown analytically to be the result of a designing agent.
Although ID advocates seldom specify who the designer is, the logic of their argument requires that the designer be beyond nature, or supernatural.
However, advocates for ID have not been able to show that their claims are genuinely scientific.
While the scientific community welcomes new theoretical proposals, these must lead to active research programs that deepen our understanding of nature and that can find confirmation in either laboratory or field observations. Thus far, ID advocates have been unable to do either. As an institution of informal public education, the exhibit cannot advocate a religious position.
Dover Area School District, For all of these reasons it is inappropriate for ID to be included in a scientific presentation on human origins. Still, some people believe that there is a scientific debate about evolution, and that advocates of ID represent one side of this debate.
As noted above, the scientific community does not recognize ID as a scientific position. Therefore, it is not one side of a scientific debate.
At the same time, the exhibition does provide the visitor with genuine examples of how the evidence for human evolution is interpreted differently by different researchers, for example, in the construction of frameworks for understanding how prehistoric species are related to one another. Here different interpretations of the evolutionary data are presented.
While there is lively debate about such alternatives and data is actively sought to discriminate between them, there is no scientific debate about the basic validity of the theory of evolution as the best scientific explanation for the expansion and diversification of life on Earth, including human life.
Does the exhibition identify the gaps in the scientific understanding of the origin of humans, gaps that can suggest that God played a role?
It is the unresolved questions about nature that mark the fertile areas for new research, propelling the sciences forward -- including those related to human origin studies. Science, as a particular way of knowing, restricts itself to offering natural explanations for the natural world. Supporting materials being developed for the exhibition by the BSIC will help visitors discover resources from various religious traditions that explore religious views on the relation of God and nature.
How do people incorporate evolution into their religious worldview? Religious traditions vary in their response to evolution. For example, Asian religious worldviews do not assume an all-powerful creator God and often see the world religiously as interconnected and dynamic. They tend, therefore, to engage scientific accounts of evolution with little difficulty. However, for Jewish, Christian and Islamic traditions, the affirmation of a creator God in relation to the world has a central place.
At the same time, some of these persons are committed to the view that there are a few specific acts of divine creative intervention: However, as previously noted, others in the monotheistic traditions hold that God creates entirely by means of evolutionary processes without any intervention, even in the case of humans.