BBC - History - British History in depth: Wales: A Culture Preserved
Rather than England, Scotland and Wales, the island consisted of To explain the connection between the Brittonic-speaking peoples at the. Although some people argue that the UK was formed in by the Act of Union between England, Wales and Scotland, the name United Kingdom wasn't. The relationship between the Welsh and English is characterised largely by tolerance of people The Anglo-Norman kings of England had conquered Wales militarily by the 13th century, and under Henry VIII the country was incorporated into.
Asquith said in "I would sooner go to hell than to Wales. It is thus that they have preserved their racial integrity. Their sons and daughters rarely mate with human-kind except their own blood relations I often think that we can trace almost all the disasters of English history to the influence of Wales"  20th century[ edit ] In the early 20th century, Welsh politicians such as David Lloyd George prime minister from toand later Aneurin Bevan architect of the NHS rose to UK-wide prominence.
The apparent powerlessness of Welsh politicians in influencing their own affairs, in the face of the English numerical superiority in Parliamentwas highlighted in the midth century. Believing that they would need access to an increased water supply, they chose the Tryweryn Valleynear Balaeven though the development would require flooding the village of Capel Celyn. Ina private bill sponsored by Liverpool City Council was brought before Parliament to create Llyn Celyn reservoirthus circumventing planning consent from the relevant Welsh local authorities, by obtaining authority via a parliamentary Act.
Despite 35 of the 36 Welsh Members of Parliament MPs voting against the bill, with the other abstaining, Parliament — with MPsthe majority of members represented constituencies in England — still passed the bill. Years of democratic, non-violent Welsh protest were in vain, Capel Celyn was drowned, and a new wave of Welsh nationalism, including the Mudiad Amddiffyn Cymru English: The Welsh Language Acts of and gave the language equal status in Wales, and in the Welsh electorate voted to establish a Welsh Assembly.
Anti-Welsh sentiment[ edit ] Recent examples of anti-Welsh sentiment in the media include the journalist A.Welsh vs. English Stereotypes? - Cardiff - London
Gill born in Scotland to English parents who in the Sunday Times in described the Welsh as "loquacious, dissemblers, immoral liars, stunted, bigoted, dark, ugly, pugnacious little trolls. They have no architecture, no gastronomic tradition, no literature worthy of the name. The show is designed to draw extreme views from interview subjects in order to generate controversy and humour. The people she was thinking about were supposedly those who spoke Welsh around the market stall operated by her mother in Liverpool during her childhood.
Her comments upset some who accused her of racism.
North Wales Police spent 96 hours investigating the issue, and concluded that no crime had been committed. She was cleared of racism by the Broadcasting Standards Commissionwho nevertheless stated that her comments "came close to bordering on racism"   The North Wales Police have also investigated allegations of anti-Welsh racism made against Tony Blair and columnist Cristina Odone.
Again, no charges were brought. Contrast English attitudes to Welshness, which, for reasons I am not sure of, are often genuinely hostile. Life, I'm afraid, is tragic. All they had to do was go to Cardiff last weekend with a bit of fire in their bellies and they'd have denied Wales the Six Nations Grand Slam. They turned up instead with cheese in their bellies and mooched about for 80 minutes, seemingly not at all bothered that we've got to spend the next 12 months listening to the sheepsters droning on about their natural superiority and brilliance.
Give them a Grand Slam and the next thing you know, all our holiday cottages are on fire. As time goes on, however, the divergence between an old Labour NHS in Wales and a more American model in England will grow more pronounced. So, we won't be leaving the union then. And what kind of mind is that?
Everybody has his own view, but here, for what it's worth, is mine. We know what it is to be both Welsh and British, to live in a totally different culture while integrated as well. Does it sound familiar? Much less like Scotland, I'd say, than the Muslim population.
Dydd Gwyl Dewi Hapus! Happy St David's Day. Top Weaknesses Politically it was a deeply fragmented and disunited country where rivalries among the native dynasties gave the English recurrent opportunities for intervention and exploitation.
England and Wales
Economically Wales was very undeveloped, lacking towns or coins and any substantial trade. It was still dominated, apparently, by a tribute-gathering and plunder-taking military nobility. By any standards, Wales was an economic midget compared with its extraordinarily rich, urbanised, monetised and commercially advanced neighbour, England.
In these circumstances England could either starve the Welsh into submission as contemporaries recognisedor exploit it economically and politically as a colonial annex. Yet Wales did not succumb. Whereas England fell to the Normans in a very short period after the battle of Hastings, it was not until - more than two centuries later - that the English could proclaim that Wales had finally been conquered and the Welsh problem solved.
Why had it taken so long and how final was the solution? Wales resists domination Politically the very fragmentation of Wales could be turned to its advantage. In fact, some of the very factors that made Wales so despairingly vulnerable in the short term turned to its advantage on a longer perspective.
By most of the lowland, arable areas of Wales, especially south Wales, which could be easily overrun and settled were already under English control.
Being British – it's a Welsh state of mind | Gwyneth Lewis | Opinion | The Guardian
But beyond this lowland apron most of Wales was suited neither to the military methods of Anglo-Norman armies or to the economic and mercantile enterprise of English settlers. English stamina simply failed beyond about feet. Politically the very fragmentation of Wales could be turned to its advantage. While the defeat of the English king in was followed quickly by the political surrender of the whole country, in Wales political leadership was multiple.
It could and did pass from one dynasty to another - especially to the prince of south-west Wales Deheubarth in the later twelfth century and thereafter to the princes of Gwynedd.
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Furthermore, effective and sustained English domination in Wales was largely confined to areas of intensive English settlement and since these were few and restricted, so was secure English control. It has to be recognised that the conquest and exploitation of Wales was not high on the agenda of the English kings and aristocracy.
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Their ambitions were much more directed to the control of their lands in France and to the exploitation of their estates in England.
Beyond the areas of intensive English settlement in south Wales they were generally content with a loose overlordship, permitting the Welsh princes to retain their authority and status so long as they acknowledged the ultimate supremacy of the king of England and behaved themselves politically and militarily.
Yet we should not ascribe the survival of Wales as a country and the Welsh as a people simply to negative reasons. The Welsh proved to be remarkably resourceful, doughty and committed defenders of their country.
Their frugality, intense militarism and hardiness stood them in very good stead, as did their love of what contemporaries called liberty: Gerald of Wales - himself both of Norman and Welsh descent - observed how a Welshman had retorted defiantly to Henry IIking of England and ruler of much of France, that no one but a Welshman would answer to God for the little country that was Wales.
The story may or may not be apocryphal but it reminds us that countries are created in the hearts and minds of men and women. And that is where they survive - or not. Formally, of course, independent Wales did not survive.