Relationship between test anxiety and parenting style

relationship between test anxiety and parenting style

Lungarini, Alyssa, "Parenting Styles and Their Relationship with Anxiety in .. conducted separately for both mothers and fathers to test for demographic. Keywords: parenting styles, social anxiety, adolescents, migrant families, the relationship between children's social anxiety and parental rearing . and t-test) regarding the adolescents-reported parenting styles and social. Thus far, researchers have not examined academic procrastination and maladaptive perfectionism in relation to either parenting styles or test anxiety.

Login using

Both the parents of the children in migrant families and non-migrant families all wanted to take care of their children using warm and caring ways Xu et al. This indicates that parents play different roles in children rearing and mothers are more involved in caretaking and comforting Paquette, Especially for the migrant families, mothers often spend more time at home, whereas fathers have to go out to work because they are the main providers of family income.

Thus, mothers may play more important role than fathers in raising children Forehand and Nousiainen, ; Paulson and Sputa, ; Castro et al.

  • Access denied

Generally, Chinese mothers always do more in bringing up and educating their children. The results of this study show that social anxiety for adolescents in migrant families are positively correlated with parental rejection and overprotection, and negatively correlated with parental emotional warmth.

There was a problem providing the content you requested

When adolescents in migrant families feel more emotional warmth from their parents, their social anxiety level may be reduced. Conversely, the lacking of parental care, understanding and emotional warmth will result in distrust and a sense of insecurity, which can undermine their social interaction.

Especially for Chinese migrant families, fathers, in general, should be the main providers of family income, and therefore they have to spend more time and energy on work to cope with job mobility and instability, leaving them little time and opportunity to interact with their children or express their understanding and emotional warmth. However, a father often has a higher status in a traditional Chinese family, being regarded as the head of the family, to be respected and obeyed by all family members.

Hock and Krohne found that mothers of children with higher social anxiety displayed more overprotective and controlling behaviors. Moreover, overprotected children often have difficulty interacting with the outside world, are unable to build good social skills, and show social withdrawal in interpersonal communication, thereby causing their social anxiety levels increase.

Implications for Services The results from this study suggest that the parental rearing pattern indeed has an effect on social anxiety for adolescents in Chinese migrant families. This promotes a better understanding of the relationship between parenting styles and social anxiety.

A possible prediction is that parents who are warmer, less rejecting and less likely to resort to punishment may bring up more sociable and emotionally stable children, yet more rigorous evidence is welcome in future studies. Limitations and Future Directions The limitations of this study include the lack of comparison of parenting styles and anxiety of adolescents between in migrant families and non-migrant families. Only self-report measures from adolescents themselves in this study may have subjective bias, thus data from multiple reporters such as children, parents, and teachers should be collected in further studies.

relationship between test anxiety and parenting style

Last, but not least, another line of research worth considering is to explore the interaction of gene and environment because anxiety may have a heritable component. Substantial contributions to the design of the work, data analysis and writing. Substantial contributions to the design of the work, data collection.

How Your Childhood Affects Your Relationships - The Attachment Theory

Substantial contributions to revising the work critically. Substantial contributions to acquisition of data for the work.

relationship between test anxiety and parenting style

Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. A report on the status of left-behind children and migrant children in China. The role of perceived parental rearing practices in the etiology of phobic disorders: The development of a short form of the EMBU: Its appraisal with students in Greece, Guatemala, Hungary and Italy.

Parenting and social anxiety: Familial correlates of social anxiety in children and adolescents. These students came from all three grades of the junior middle schools, with All participants volunteered to participate in this study and signed statements of their informed consent. All subjects were informed that their participations were not paid.

Procedure The research was supported by the local government and education committees. The students enrolled in the four non-government-funded middle schools were mostly from migrant families.

relationship between test anxiety and parenting style

Permission for the study was granted by the school principals and teachers. The quantitative research method such as questionnaire survey was employed in this study.

The questionnaire survey was conducted in the classroom by trained psychologists and graduate students with psychology major.

The total time used for the survey was around 10 min. The revised Chinese version evaluates parental rearing behaviors in three dimensions using two versions, father version and mother version, with each including Rejection six itemsEmotional warmth seven itemsand Overprotection eight items.

The revised Chinese version had relatively high reliability, and the alpha coefficient was from 0.

relationship between test anxiety and parenting style

Social Anxiety Subscale of Self-Consciousness Scale This scale was used to measure the subjective anxiety, the difficulty of language expression and behavior. It contains six items including unfamiliar places, being stared at, embarrassing incident, talking to strangers, public speaking, and a large crowd of people.

relationship between test anxiety and parenting style

The modification of Chinese version was used in this study. The correlation coefficient between the revised scale and the original scale was 0. Statistical Analysis Both the EpiData 3. The statistical methods used here included descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA test, correlation analysis and regression analysis, etc.

The descriptive analysis was used to describe the distributions of parenting styles under various demographic variables, and the differential analysis was conducted using t-test and ANOVA test. Group differences between different degrees of social anxiety for parenting styles were also analyzed.

In addition, the relationship between parental rearing and social anxiety was investigated using correlation analysis and regression analysis. Results Descriptive Statistics and Variation Analysis Table 1 shows the descriptive statistics and inference statistics ANOVA and t-test regarding the adolescents-reported parenting styles and social anxiety under different demographic variables.

Descriptive statistics and inference statistics ANOVA and t-test regarding the parenting styles and social anxiety under different demographic variables. To be specific, more parental emotional warmth was reported in the low social anxiety group than that in the high social anxiety group; moreover, the mean scores of parental rejection and overprotection were significantly higher the in high social anxiety group than those in the low social anxiety group.

Differences between different groups of social anxiety on parenting styles. Regression Analysis Stepwise regression analysis was conducted with social anxiety as a dependent variable and adolescent-reported parenting styles as independent variables see Table 4.

The stepwise regression modelsa. This result indicates that the adolescents in migrant families and non-migrant families exemplify similar patterns of parenting styles Liu et al. Both the parents of the children in migrant families and non-migrant families all wanted to take care of their children using warm and caring ways Xu et al. This indicates that parents play different roles in children rearing and mothers are more involved in caretaking and comforting Paquette, Especially for the migrant families, mothers often spend more time at home, whereas fathers have to go out to work because they are the main providers of family income.

Thus, mothers may play more important role than fathers in raising children Forehand and Nousiainen, ; Paulson and Sputa, ; Castro et al. Generally, Chinese mothers always do more in bringing up and educating their children. The results of this study show that social anxiety for adolescents in migrant families are positively correlated with parental rejection and overprotection, and negatively correlated with parental emotional warmth.

When adolescents in migrant families feel more emotional warmth from their parents, their social anxiety level may be reduced. Conversely, the lacking of parental care, understanding and emotional warmth will result in distrust and a sense of insecurity, which can undermine their social interaction.