Iran's Rouhani says wants to improve ties with Iraqi Kurds | Reuters
Following the severe backlash surrounding its referendum on independence last September, Iraqi Kurdistan is seeking to improve and broaden. Iran's President Hassan Rouhani on Sunday called for boosting of ties and cooperation between Iran and the Kurdistan region will not be. With the U.S.-led push against the Islamic State moving forward in Iraq and Syria, the Kurdistan Workers Party is looking to maximize its gains.
In Iran, the conflict between PJAK and Tehran has thrown salt on a long-open wound in the relations between minority Kurds and the Iranian authorities.
Foreign relations of Iran - Wikipedia
Iranian Kurdish activists say that the promises of reform made by President Hassan Rouhani and members of his new administration seem not to apply to their region. For Iraqi Kurds, relations with Iran must be seen through the prism of relations between Iraq as a whole and its eastern neighbour. Between andIraq and Iran fought the longest conventional conflict of the twentieth century, and their rulers continued to espouse radically opposed visions for their countries: Afterwith the United States, Iran's sworn enemy, embroiled in a bloody insurgency in Iraq, Tehran leveraged its popularity among the resurgent Iraqi Shia majority.
Iran's influence in Iraq was illustrated by the juxtaposition of American president George W Bush's fleeting, unannounced, and heavily secured visits to US airbases in Iraq, and Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's open-top motorcade from Baghdad airport, along a road once lined with snipers and car bombs and called by western media the "most dangerous road in Iraq" or the "Highway of Death," to a red carpet reception in Baghdad by the Iraqi president — none other than the PUK's Talabani, a fluent Farsi speaker.
Sharpening the contrast, American and British officials had been banned from using the same airport road and typically travelled by helicopter to Baghdad's well-defended Green Zone. Sincefollowing the fall of their opponents in Baghdad and with newfound autonomy and increasing security and stability, the Iraqi Kurds have gradually, but discernibly, strengthened relations with Iran.
Foreign relations of Iran
The affair did not start auspiciously. Unsettled by the participation of the peshmerga in the US-led invasion of Iraq, and worried that PJAK would find a safe harbour in Iraqi Kurdistan from which to redouble its campaign against Tehran, Iran angered the Iraqi Kurds by flouting territorial sovereignty and shelling peshmerga positions in Iraq.
As recently astwo weeks of Iranian air strikes and shelling sought to cripple PJAK bases in the region, and Kurdish media reported Iranian ground incursions into Iraqi Kurdistan. Since then, Iran has grown more confident of its regional influence and, concurrently, less belligerent.
In Augustthe last US combat brigade withdrew from Iraq. After the Iraqi elections, Iran played a role in brokering the agreement in Tehran that formed a Shia-led and broadly pro-Iranian coalition in Baghdad, with Nouri al-Maliki, a Shia, appointed as prime minister. Those negotiations also involved the Kurds, with Talabani returning as president of Iraq, meeting a key Kurdish demand.
Political relations between Iran and Iraqi Kurdistan continued to strengthen: An earlier visit in by the president of Iraqi Kurdistan, Massoud Barzani, to meet with Ahmadinejad, his then-counterpart, was heralded by energy industry analyst John Daly as "proof of the changing regional dynamics," in which Iran was successfully subverting America's influence over Iraqi affairs.
And instead of throwing its weight about militarily, Iranian influence on daily life in Iraqi Kurdistan is now softer, but no less persuasive.
Trade between Iran and Iraqi Kurdistan is making far greater inroads than military operations ever did. Last year saw a visit to Iraqi Kurdistan by the Iranian vice president for international affairs and a delegation of more than Iranian companies as part of the Iranian-Kurdistan Region Economic Forum. But Iran still has some way to go to catch up with another regional heavyweight, Turkey.
The historical relationship between Turkey and Iraqi Kurdistan is similar to Iran's. Like Tehran, there is deep-rooted hostility between Ankara and its Kurdish citizens. It is entirely plausible that the BBC did indeed help hasten revolutionary events. The newly renovated building of Iran's Ministry of Foreign Affairs uses pre-Islamic Persian architecture extensively in its facade.
Iran–Iraq relations - Wikipedia
Under the Khomeini government Iran's foreign policy often emphasized the elimination of foreign influence and the spread of Islamic revolution over state-to-state relations or the furtherance of trade.
In Khomeini's own words, We shall export our revolution to the whole world. Until the cry "There is no God but God" resounds over the whole world, there will be struggle.
The gathering of militants, primarily Shi'a but including some Sunnis"with various religious and revolutionary credentials," was hosted by the Association of Militant Clerics and the Pasdaran Islamic Revolutionary Guards. Here the groundwork for the gathering was prepared: These groups came under the umbrella of the "Council for the Islamic Revolution", which was supervised by Ayatollah Hussein Ali Montazerithe designated heir of Ayatollah Khomeini.
Most of the council's members were clerics, but they also reportedly included advisors from the Syrian and Libyan intelligence agencies. These attempts to spread its Islamic revolution strained the country's relations with many of its Arab neighbours, and the extrajudicial execution of Iranian dissidents in Europe unnerved European nations, particularly France and Germany. Training volunteers[ edit ] Arab and other Muslim volunteers who came to Iran were trained in camps run by the Revolutionary Guards.
There were three primary bases in Tehran, and others in Ahvaz, Isfahan, Qom, Shiraz, and Mashad, and a further facility, converted innear the southern naval base at Bushire. Nations with strong fundamentalist movements, such as Egypt and Algeriaalso began to mistrust Iran.
With the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, Iran was thought to be supporting the creation of the Hizballah organization. Furthermore, Iran went on to oppose the Arab—Israeli peace process, because it saw Israel as an illegal country. Iran—Iraq relations Relations with Iraq had never been good historically; however, they took a turn for the worse inwhen Iraq invaded Iran.
The stated reason for Iraq's invasion was the contested sovereignty over the Shatt al-Arab waterway Arvand Rud in Persian. Other reasons, unstated, were probably more significant: Iran and Iraq had a history of interference in each other's affairs by supporting separatist movements, and although this interference had ceased since the Algiers Agreementafter the Revolution Iran resumed support for Kurdish guerrillas in Iraq.