Scotland ireland relationship

Irish-Scots - Wikipedia

scotland ireland relationship

Ireland–United Kingdom relations, also referred to as Irish–British relations, or Anglo-Irish relations, are the relations between the states of Ireland and the United Kingdom. The three devolved administrations of the United Kingdom, in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the three dependencies of the. Do the Scottish seem to ally more with England (same nation, historic ties) or the Irish (Gaelic connection)? I wonder if the troubles in Northern. Irish-Scots are people in Scotland who are of immediate or traceably distinct Irish ancestry. Although migration between Ireland (especially Ulster) and Scotland.

The journalist, Angela Haggerty, is taking her first steps in her chosen career and works for the highly respected business and media magazine, The Drum.

scotland ireland relationship

As well as writing for the magazine Haggerty blogs, tweets and Facebooks. She also, palpably, takes no shit and, as such, represents the vibrant future of Scottish journalism. She says she is also proud of her Irish heritage "and that seems to irk people like Mr Limond". Mac Giolla Bhain is a troublemaker and a pain in the arse, two attributes that ought to be de rigueur for anyone seeking to make it in our trade.

He is also a razor-sharp investigative journalist and respected activist in the National Union of Journalists who has been published all over the world. Several of his blogs broke important exclusives about the impending downfall of Rangers FC and embarrassed many Scottish football writers who simply chose to look the other way as the Ibrox edifice began to quake.

He and I, though, have a little bit of previous. This stems from my view that anti-Irishness in modern Scotland can be prone to exaggeration and can lead to an unfortunate victim complex among those who claim to observe it lurking in the shadows of Scottish society.

Indeed, Mac Giolla Bhain, in an on-line piece for the Guardianonce took me to task for espousing such views.

  • Irish-Scottish Relations, past, present and future, Edinburgh's Festival of Ireland, 23 March 2017
  • Politics in the British Isles
  • Do The Scottish And Irish Share A Common Culture?

Nevertheless, Minority Reporter is a thoroughly well-researched and well-written book that is of vital importance in understanding this fraught relationship between Scotland and her Irish immigrant population. For sometime, the United Kingdom was supported by some other Commonwealth countries. However, by the mids, Ireland was the accepted diplomatic name of the Irish state.

During the Troublesthe disagreement led to request for extradition of terrorist suspects to be struck invalid by the Supreme Court of Ireland unless the name Ireland was used.

Increasingly positive relations between the two states required the two states to explore imaginative work-arounds to the disagreement. For example, while the United Kingdom would not agree to refer to Mary Robinson as President of Ireland on an official visit to Queen Elizabeth II the first such visit in the two states' historythey agreed to refer to her instead as "President Robinson of Ireland". The King had a number of symbolically important duties, including exercising the executive authority of the state, appointing the cabinet and promulgating the law.

scotland ireland relationship

In the chaos that ensued his abdication, the Irish Free State took the opportunity to amend its constitution and remove all of the functions of the King except one: Ina new constitution was adopted which entrenched the monarch's diminished role by transferring many of the functions performed by the King until to a new office of the President of Irelandwho was declared to "take precedence over all other persons in the State".

However, the constitution did not explicitly declare that the state was a republic, nor that the President was head of state. Without explicit mention, the King continued to retain his role in external relations and the Irish Free State continued to be regarded as a member of the British Commonwealth and to be associated with the United Kingdom.

The exact constitutional status of the state during this period has been a matter of scholarly and political dispute.

Scotland's referendum: Eight things that connect Scotland and Northern Ireland - BBC News

The state's ambiguous status ended inwhen the Republic of Ireland Act stripped the King of his role in external relations and declared that the state may be described as the Republic of Ireland. The decision to do so was sudden and unilateral. However, it did not result in greatly strained relations between Ireland and the United Kingdom. The question of the head of the Irish state from to was largely a matter of symbolism and had little practical significance.

The UK response was to legislate that it would not grant Northern Ireland to the Irish state without the consent of the Parliament of Northern Ireland which was unlikely to happen in unionist -majority Northern Ireland. After all, 19th century Irish history in which I had specialised was dominated by efforts to undo the Act of Union in which the scene of the action was in Ireland or at the Westminster Parliament where Daniel O'Connell campaigned for the repeal of the Act of Union during the s and Parnell and his allies pressed for Home Rule during the s.

There was not much scope for Scotland to make its appearance in the Irish story with its broadly nationalist narrative. Until recent decades, Scottish history was in a very different groove.

In order to see how Scotland has fared in Irish historiography, I had a look at two major works on Ireland's history, looking at their references to Scotland. Thomas Bartlett's single volume history of Ireland published in contains a number of references to Scotland, which is perhaps to be expected because when the book was published Bartlett was a Professor at the University of Aberdeen.

Bartlett covers the monastic connection epitomised by St. This resulted in a Scottish army of 10, men under the command of Major-General Robert Munro being deployed in Ireland during the s.

scotland ireland relationship

This era of upheaval, which included Cromwell's campaigns in Ireland and Scotland, did not come to an end until the s, by which time the Scottish presence in Ulster was well established.

In Bartlett's account, Scotland disappears from Irish history from the 18th century onwards although he does pick up an unusual vignette from the years of the Second World War when Ireland's Department of Agriculture astonishingly 'undertook to interview Irish girls in Dublin to ascertain their suitability for agricultural work in Scotland'.

There must be many in today's Scotland who can trace their roots to those who passed through that particular interview process. FSL Lyons's classic modern history, Ireland since the Famine, published in also contains some references to Scotland.

These include the impact of two Scottish brothers, William and John Ritchie who were instrumental in establishing the shipbuilding industry in Belfast. He refers to the phenomenon of post-Famine emigration and the establishment of Irish communities in Scotland where, he maintains, a virulent anti-British sentiment developed. Those Irish emigrants were not always made welcome in the very different Scotland that existed in those days. One of its leading lights, James Henderson, looked to stir up religious feeling in Scotland so as to aid Ulster unionists in their struggle against Home Rule.

These are all essentially passing references and my conclusion would be that, at least in the period covered by Lyons's book, Scotland was a marginal factor in Irish history There is another way of gauging our historical links - through the Dictionary of Irish Biography.

Of the 10, or so names that feature in the Dictionary, were born in Scotland. They are a diverse crew - soldiers, academics, writers, clergymen, engineers businessmen and sports figures.


Some are famous like leader, James Connolly, but others are largely forgotten today. Here are some examples. John Arnott was born in Auchtermuchty in and moved to Ireland in the s.


By the time he died in he had become one of Ireland's leading businessmen and philanthropists, owner of a chain of Department stores one of which is still trading today, Arnotts of Henry Street, Dublin. George Clarke who came from Paisley became a leading Ulster unionist and shipbuilder whose business career illustrated the importance of the Liverpool-Glasgow-Belfast triangle 'in the industrial growth of late Victorian Belfast' which had 'political as well as economic implications' as the economic development of the northeastern counties created an urban business and working class community with a vested interest in the Union.

A final example is John Jameson who moved from Clackmannanshire to Ireland in and in the process learned how to spell whiskey correctly! His name is being immortalised to this day on countless millions of Irish whiskey bottles sold all over the world.

There are also some interesting entries on those Irish who ended their lives in Scotland, a number of early medieval monks, Kenneth McAlpin, the first King of the Picts and Scots, the Glasgow Celtic footballer, Patsy Gallagher, who began his life in a workhouse in County Donegal, and someone I got to know when I was posted in Scotland, the rugby international Des O'Brien who won the Grand Slam with Ireland in and went on to manage the Lions on their four-month tour of Australia and New Zealand in !

Des was a fine man who spent 45 years of his life in Scotland and was an active sportsman into his 80s. There were, I would say, two connected reasons behind this decision.

Ireland–United Kingdom relations

First, the Good Friday Agreement altered the relationship between Britain and Ireland as co-guarantors of the agreement.

Even without the incentive of the Good Friday Agreement, I believe we would have wanted to respond to the changed status of Scotland as a devolved entity with a sharper more distinctive political profile. The BIC has taken on an enhanced relevance in light of last year's referendum result as a framework within which the various political entities on these islands can discuss matters of mutual interest.

The 20 years since have seen Irish-Scottish relations enter into a whole new and entirely positive era. The success of the NI peace process has removed a complicating factor from our relations. In the wake of the Good Friday Agreement, the Irish Government took seriously the East-West strand to that agreement and thus decided to establish consulates in Edinburgh and Cardiff. The advent of devolution and the emergence of a Scottish Government has provided a focal point for political relations.

It means that since Irish Ministers and politicians have had Scottish counterparts with whom they could deal. Scottish politicians started to attend meetings of the British-Irish Parliamentary Assembly and Ministerial-level meetings of the BIC, thus getting to know their fellow Ministers from Ireland.

Since the opening of our Consulate, Scotland has become an established part of the St. Patrick's Day circuit for Irish Ministers who travel the world promoting Ireland. Ministerial visits in both directions are now a regular feature and First Minister Sturgeon was warmly welcomed in Dublin last year when she was invited to address our Seanad, a rare honour for visiting politicians.